Nobody downloaded yet

Literature Review for Proposal - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Running Head: Literature Review Literature Review Literature Review This research proposal aims to explore the impact of teaching methodologies in technological learning in the context of EFL learning. In this regard, researcher has narrowed down to the effect that a methodology has in on the learning and performance of both the student and the teacher…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Literature Review for Research Proposal
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Literature Review for Proposal"

Download file to see previous pages The researcher attempts to carry out this research thoroughly, to examine as many dimensions of this methodology as feasible and necessary. For this purpose, the literature review will cover all the aspects of CALL stated above. Finally, the review will examine the different contexts where the researcher could carry out the necessary research in the most beneficial way. This brief review aims to discuss the existence of CALL and the development that it has undergone in the field of language learning, as well as the teaching. It will not describe the basic features of CALL again, since the introduction of this research proposal has already shed some light on that. According to research, CALL used to focus on disciplines like artificial intelligence, computer science, and psychology. Currently, however, researchers have observed its development in the area of language teaching and learning. CALL first became popular in the field of language learning when it was a major tool in Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI), which is when computers are used as instructional tools to fulfill the requirements of the student group (Ruffin, 2000). There is a one-line definition of CALL states earlier in the proposal. However, other experts still argue over the different interpretations of this term and this debate is especially relevant to the role of CALL in the field of language learning and teaching. There are several other terms for CALL as well, for example ‘Computer-Assisted Learning (CAL), Computer-Enhanced Language Learning (CELL), Web Enhanced Learning Language (WELL), Intelligent Computer Assisted Language Learning (ICALL), and Computer-Medicated Communication (CMC)’ (Johnson, 2008). Apart from the debate, which exists on the actual term itself, there is also another debate related to the history of CALL, about its origins and development. One side of the debate believes that CALL has been in existence since the 1940s, after World War II (Johnson, 2008). Others, however, believe that the Americans made the first use of CALL or CAI, in the 1950s. Furthermore, Chapelle suggests that the use of this methodology in language learning and teaching did not begin until the 1960s. Even then, he specifies that they did not use it commonly in the face of necessity. Instead, it was only as a luxury, which was not part of ordinary classrooms, but used for a specific learning group. In addition, some experts also add, perhaps as a way of explanation for this, that there were a very few teachers present until the 1970s who were computer literate, only they were able to fully implement the use of CALL in their classrooms (Ruffin, 2000). Research shows that the Americans first implemented CALL in Stanford University’s Mathematical Institute (Swarbrick, 2002). Experts (Swarbrick, 2002) recognized it very early for its efficiency and benefits, and realized the importance of its development and emergence. However, due to its requirement of expensive technological equipment, it was not used in classrooms until a lot later. For instance, ‘EVDAC’ (Swarbrick, 2002), the first computer in the 1960s has the price of over half a million dollars. In the 1980s, this price had gone down, but not by much, as the Model 30 ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Literature Review for Research Proposal Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Literature Review for Research Proposal Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Literature Review for Research Proposal Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Literature review for a research proposal
...stronger to carry on with various work when they are elderly. Research shows that fewer elder women work in Australia as compared to other OECD countries. An example is in the United Kingdom and New Zealand where many elderly women work. Research shows that more women in Australia aged between 55 and 65 are going back to the work force. Some of them go back as a matter of choice while others go back as a matter of necessity (Greig, Frank and Kevin, 2003, 67). When they have not retired, most women accustom themselves to a lifestyle which they cannot afford after retirement; hence they have to go back to the workforce. Some women are the sole breadwinners of their families. Quitting would mean putting a start to a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Literature review, she does not provide a solution to them or a way forward foe the muted group. Another critic of the Muted Group theory proposed by Kramarae is Deborah Tannen who argues that as much as the differences in communication between men and women exist, it is not out of a desire by men to control women. She believes that these differences only exist because men and women communicate differently. In her view, Kramarae's views can only result in women feeling resentful towards men when they should not have to feel that way (Griffin, 1997). Conclusion In this literature review, I have shown how the “Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Las Vegas” video is an example of how society accepts this theory and how...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Research Proposal
...flexibility according to its need. So, profitability can be increased by using loan according to current situations. Research questions 1. Who are the users of payday loans? 2. Do the payday loans solve their financial problems? 3. What is the eligibility for obtaining a payday loan? 4. Who are the competitors in the market? Purpose statement To promote access to diverse, healthy and comprehensive financial services for households in Kansas. This will be through offering cost-effective loan rates and innovative methods of loan applications for customer convenience. Literature Review What is a payday loan? Payday lending business will provide short terms loans for a maximum period of two weeks, to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Write 1. a research question ( with detail) 2.The purpose of your research 3.PICOT (well structured, and feasible) 4.A critic of the literature review of at least three reseach manuscripts 5.A research proposal 6.Conclusion
...ulcers. However, focus must also be directed to infants and children. Consequently, all patients must be assessed on admission to determine their risk factors and monitor them constantly to ensure they do not develop ulcers. Nursing personnel must identify and relieve pressure on body parts susceptible to pressure ulcers and assist in reducing chances of developing the injuries. In addition, monitoring bowel and urinary movement of immobile patients can ensure that the risks of developing pressure ulcers are reduced. One weakness of most studies related to alleviation of pressure ulcers is the lack of a clear procedure for assessing the effectiveness of the interventions investigated. Research Proposal As a...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Research proposal
...the house? Methodology I will begin by carrying out secondary research that will involve carrying out a literature review. This will help me in identifying the best way of childproofing a home and consequences of poorly childproofed homes. Looking at previously done researches will go a long way in enhancing the efficiency of my research. Primary research will involve qualitative field work using questionnaires and interviews. Firsthand information obtained in this manner will be helpful in devising ways to ensure that infants and toddlers are safe at home as they play and explore around. This information will be collected from hospitals and homes...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Review of literature in a nursing research proposal
...Writing a Nursing research proposal By: Presented Introduction A literature review is usually a detailed and an evaluation of what is contained or related to a topic. A literature review on a project provides readers with a background study for understanding the current knowledge . The review also serves the function of highlighting the significance of the new study (Denise, 2004). Writing a literature review for a nursing research proposal usually differs in many aspects from other kinds of projects and term papers students prepare. Nursing students conducting a...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Research proposal and introduction and literature review
...on decisions and stands made by the public. The research will also use the available literature in books and journals to study the influence of the media on political behavior of the public The required information will be achieved by using the following research questions: a) Do the media influence the public’s political opinions? b) Do the media direct the public on what to do politically? c) Does the information provided by the media influence the opinions of the public? d) How does he media influence the voting exercise? e) Does the media cause ethnic and racial eternity based on their political stands? Literature review According to Popkin, the media...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Literature Review and Proposal
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Research literature review
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Sociology Research Literature Review
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Literature Review for Research Proposal for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us