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Compare / Contrast IL Courts and Federal Court - Research Paper Example

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RUNNING HEAD: JURISDICTION AND STRUCTURE OF ILLINOIS COURTS AND FEDERAL COURTS Jurisdiction and Structure of Illinois Courts and Federal Courts Class School January 00, 2011 Gregory Calvin Robinson Email Address Jurisdiction and Structure of Illinois Courts and Federal Courts Introduction The United States has a federal government and a state government…
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Compare / Contrast IL Courts and Federal Court
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"Compare / Contrast IL Courts and Federal Court"

Download file to see previous pages The United States Supreme Court sits in Washington, DC (Supreme Court Address, 2010). The Illinois Supreme Court is housed at the Supreme Court Building in Springfield (Illinois Supreme Court, 2011). Structure of Federal and Illinois Courts The federal judiciary of the United States is divided into 94 judicial districts (Structure of the Federal Court, n.d.), with one Supreme Court, 12 Court of Appeals and 94 District Courts distributed among the 50 states and territories (Structure of the Federal Courts, Federal Court Concepts, n.d.). The judicial districts are grouped into 12 regional circuits with one Court of Appeals for each regional circuit (Structure of the Federal Court, n.d.; Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). Each of the 94 judicial districts has one District Court (Structure of the Federal Courts, Federal Court Concepts, n.d.). The federal court system is divided into federal judicial districts with Illinois subdivided into three: the Northern Judicial District (main office in Chicago, additional office in Rockford), Central Judicial District (main office in Springfield, other offices in Rock Island, Danville and Peoria) and Southern Judicial District (main office in East St. ...
State Courts of Appeals do not conduct trials (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). A bankruptcy court, a part of the federal court system, has exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). These courts can be found in Illinois (e.g. Chicago, Danville, Peoria, Rockford, Benton, Springfield, East St. Louis) as well as in other states (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). The federal Supreme Court, located in Washington, D.C., can hear appeals from the circuit courts of appeal and supreme courts of the different states in the US, as well as cases involving two or more states (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). Nine justices preside in the court (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). Figure I Structure of the Federal Courts (Source: Structure of the Federal, n.d.) Article VI of the Illinois Constitution of 1970 embodies the courts that the judiciary should have, which are: the Supreme Court, Appellate Court and the Circuit Courts (Constitution of the State, 1970). The Supreme Court is the highest court in the judicial structure (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). It does not hold trials but reviews the evidence and arguments presented at the trial court (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). The Supreme Court determines the errors committed by the appellate court and lower court, and can affirm, reverse or remand the case to the court of origin (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). When not appealed to the US Supreme Court (there is no federal issue), decisions of the Illinois Supreme Court become final and executory (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.). The court issues rules for the courts within the state (Illinois’ Legal & Judicial, n.d.) which may include ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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