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... Emmanuel Kant, knowledge (and thus reality) is constructed by the mind, not passively derived through the senses; in other words, the mind shapesthe world. One of Kant's works, the Critique of Pure Reason, is an attempt to answer the problems of the nature of knowledge-what it is and how it is obtained. Kant looks at the relationship between a priori knowledge, or knowledge based on reason alone, and a posteriori knowledge, or knowledge gained from the world. ("Critique of Pure Reason", 2006)
According to Kant, we have a priori intuitions and concepts; that is, we have innate, logical knowledge, and this knowledge enables us to grasp a posteriori knowledge, to "understand" the external world. For...