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The Unfolding of Bhopal Disaster - Assignment Example

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This discussion “The Unfolding of Bhopal Disaster” will focus on Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) and Hazard and Operability Study. There are several failures tracing methods that can be used to predict or investigate failure in high consequence installations such as nuclear power stations…
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The Unfolding of Bhopal Disaster
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Download file to see previous pages This model is an analytical technique that highlights an undesired state of a system, especially a state that tends to be harmful to the environment. The analysis is done based on the dangers the system posses to the environment, and credible ways through which a harmful event may occur. The faults could arise from human errors, hardware failure, or a pertinent event that leads to an undesired occurrence. From the fault tree, logical interrelationships between the events that lead to the undesired event are shown. The undesired event is placed as the top event in the fault tree. The fault tree uses graphic models combines parallel and sequential faults that derive to the predefined undesired event (Donohoe 2003, pp. 576-580).

The model does not point out all possible failures of a system. It is only tailored to the top event that corresponds to a particular mode of failure. It, therefore, includes faults that are not exhaustive though they cover the most credible faults analyzed by analysts and do contribute to the top event. The model is also not quantitative but qualitative. This makes FTA to be qualitatively evaluated although it can be quantified.

The model consists of entities called gates that serve as permits or inhibits to passages in the fault logic up the tree. From the gates, a relationship between the events required for a higher event is established. The higher event becomes the output for the gate, as the lower event retains the input level. The gates serve as analogous switches (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1981, p. IV-1). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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