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Metaphysics: The Teleological Argument - Coursework Example

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This work "Metaphysics: The Teleological Argument" describes the aspects of the teleological argument by William Paley. The author outlines natural laws, the existence of non-human artifacts. From this work, it is clear that is the creation of the universe, is already happened and there is absolutely no possibility to observe and experiment it so as to come to a conclusion. …
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Metaphysics: The Teleological Argument
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Download file to see previous pages The fact that the watch has a purpose and that it would not have simply emerged from the ground makes it necessary for us to think about and reason its existence as having caused by an intelligent architect, an artificer. He then applies this argument to the wider world in order to show that that the Universe and the contingent objects within it such as, say, the human and animal body, are complex, intricate, and help to satisfy purposes. The existence of non-human artifacts, such as human organs (as opposed to human artifacts which are made by the humans in order to meet our different needs, like the watch or pencil), could only be explained through a reference to the natural laws that are unchanging. The facts that natural laws are exactly what they are (and continue to hold and are sustained in existence) and that purposive organisms exist are therein two interconnected facts that must be explained. Reference to the existence and creative and designing activity of God offers the best explanation of those two facts.
Hence Paley’s argument is based on the principle that similar effects usually have similar causes, and the more similar the effects, the more similar the causes are likely to be. The biological existence of humans and animals involves much more complex than that of human-made artifacts. Thus we may conclude that some very powerful, intelligent, and knowledgable non-human designer is responsible for the creation and complex order li ness of the universe.  The only appropriate name for such a designer, pre sum ably, is “God”; so it seems we have good evidence for God’s existence. This paper is an attempt to understand briefly the basic framework within which the argument of design or the teleological argument has provided its explanations about the origin of the universe. The paper mainly concentrates on the fine-tuning aspect of this whole argument with respect to the criticisms raised against it and other alternative explanations provided. That paper mainly uses the arguments provided by Inwagen (2009), and Conee and Sider (2005) as an axis from where the teleological argument, as well as the objections raised against it, could be understood. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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