Effect Of Discharge Of Domestic Sewage On Coral Reefs - Research Proposal Example

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A paper "Effect Of Discharge Of Domestic Sewage On Coral Reefs" outlines that coral reefs act as dwelling places to a variety of aquatic plants and animals. Coral reefs also work to prevent strong sea waves and storms from carrying the water onto the offshore regions. …
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Effect Of Discharge Of Domestic Sewage On Coral Reefs
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Download file to see previous pages The Marine environment is constantly faced with threats which can be linked to land-based activities. Such activities are urbanization, development of the coast for example dredge and fill operations, industries dealing with desalinization, power, and refineries. Recreation and tourism facilities, water treatment plants, mining along the coastline and quarry activities, oil bunkering facilities and finally modification of the habitat conversion and filling of the wetlands. A significant number of large coastal development projects in Saudi Arabia which include hotel, restaurants and recreational facilities have increased over the last few years and this has had ripple effects on the marine habitat and environment. The major sewage treatment plants in Jeddah are overloaded and as such, treatment effectiveness is very low leading to low quality of effluent that is emitted into the red sea. To add to the direct destruction of key habitats and marine life, suspended materials that come from activities such as dredge and fill are likely to result in rampant marine life destruction. Sedimentation leads to suffocation of benthic communities which has adverse effects on the surrounding ecosystem such as the mangroves, coral reefs, and the seabeds. This leads to less productivity of the sea which can be seen through shrimping grounds and demersal fisheries. Is the discharge of domestic sewage due to increased population in Southern Corniche in Jeddah leading to the erosion of coral reefs?  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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