Fluoride in Drinking Water - Assignment Example

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The author states that fluoride should not be added to the water supplied to residents of towns and cities in New Zealand. It was found that there was a link between lower IQs in children and high fluoride levels naturally found in drinking water both in China and all over the world.  …
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Fluoride in Drinking Water
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Download file to see previous pages Currently, the majority of the residents of New Zealand consume fluoridated public water. Most of those consuming water from the municipal supply systems consume fluoridated water. There have been growing pressures in New Zealand to stop fluoridation of public water. The New Plymouth District Council voted for the stoppage of water fluoridation within the district. The practice has been going on in the district for the past 40 years, and the district had the intention of using a chemical to reduce dental decay. The decision by the New Plymouth District Council to bring to an end the water fluoridation is seen as the termination of the practice in New Zealand. According to Mary Byrne of the anti-fluoride group, the Fluoride Action Network New Zealand, the New Plymouth District Council decision could bring a domino effect to other councils leading to the chemicals rejection (Stare, 1990).
Fluoride, an ionic compound, contains the fluorine components. Fluoride naturally found the component in most of the rocks in New Zealand and worldwide, is the single most reactive element in water. Approximately 90 percent of the fluoride components added to the municipal water supplies come from the chemicals known as silicofluorides. The silicofluorides chemicals production is from the by-products of the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers. In most of New Zealand’s District Councils, fluoride is added to the municipal water supplies at the concentration of about one part per million or even slightly below. Fluoride concentrations occurring in surface waters depend on location, but concentrations are low, and in most cases do not exceed 0.3 ppm. Groundwater can, however, contain much higher concentration levels.
Fluoride should not be included in the water supplied by district councils to the residents of cities and towns in New Zealand. A move by New Plymouth District Council is welcome and should act as a precedent to other district councils in New Zealand.    ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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