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The first public alert on the disorder was from the war veterans (Mueser, Rosenberg & Rosenberg, 2009). They spent so much time away from home, and when they came back home, they had persistent flashbacks. The flashbacks caused them to feel threatened wherever they were and could not trust anyone with their lives. Over the years, the disorder has recorded a rise and it has become a socio-cultural problem. The traumatic experiences like terrorist attacks, earthquakes, floods, kidnappings, rape, child abuse, and many others have contributed to more victims suffering from the disorder (Cash, 2006). Statistics has shown that very soon the disorder may be one of the major public health concerns (Cash, 2006). Changes in the methods of treatment are therefore necessary to curb the growing menace.
Over the years, the method used for the treatment of PTDS is only focused on the short-term treatment of the disease (Steele, van der Hart and Nijenhuis, 2001). The formulation has not characterized the significant symptoms seen on the victims who have suffered prolonged mental afflictions. They are mainly attributed to repeated domestic or sexual abuse together with political torture. A substitute diagnostic formulation “complex PTSD” should replace the method of treatment. This treatment will ensure that multiple symptoms are treated, and it will deal with the long-term effect of the disease on the individual for them to heal completely (Steele, van der Hart and Nijenhuis, 2001). The current PTDS deals only with the treatment of single acute trauma and leaves out the bigger picture caused by multiple sources of trauma (Steele, van der Hart and Nijenhuis, 2001).
Judith Herman, a professor of psychology at the Harvard, was the first person to propose this treatment. Her book “Trauma and Recovery” accurately spells out how the treatment should be carried out using the “complex PTDS”. Most of the clinicians have been of the
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This essay discusses that post-traumatic stress disorder is a severe anxiety disorder that can occur after someone has experienced psychological trauma, which can come in the form of feeling as though their life has been threatened, potential death, or an attack against one’s sexual, psychological, or physical virtues.
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe form of anxiety disorder that manifests in individuals after experiencing a severely traumatic event. These events vary in form and may include those that are potentially life-threatening, or being a survivor in gross traumatic incidents.
When a person find himself or herself in danger, the triggers the body to try and defend the whole body against the danger. When this health reaction that intends to protect the body from harm is damaged, the person may still feel frightened even when the danger is over.
It is an anxiety related psychological disease which may occur after a person faces certain physical or psychological trauma. The psychological trauma could be with respect to the threat of death or threat to physical or psychological integrity. It is not necessary that these threats are against the person alone; the threats against the beloved ones can also cause PTSD.
Anxiety gives a sense of worry, panic, fear and distress to an individual if faced by it. But on the other hand anxiety is a sense of feeling faced by everyone at one time in his lifetime and so it is very important to distinguish between the normal levels of anxiety and the pathological levels of anxiety.
In some instances, the pain never truly goes away. Pain and other traumatic experiences are a part of life that must be endured. There are some experiences, however, that cannot simply go away with time. They stick with an individual wherever they go. The experiences can haunt people in their dreams, affect their personal and professional lives in numerous ways, and cause even more heartache and pain than ever imagined.
Events that can lead to such stress disorder include severe accidents on roads, violent assaults such as robbery or sexual assaults, sexual abuses for a long period of time, neglect of family members and near ones, witness of violent incidents or deaths, experiences of being held as hostages, attacks of terrorists, or natural disasters such as earthquakes, severe floods or tsunamis.
The nature of service in war today is causing an increase in the incidence of PTSD. The war in Iraq is touching many lives at a very personal level. The direct relationship between this stress and mental health problems is evident. The intense combat
can be clinically diagnosed when symptoms like disturbing flashbacks recur, memories of the event continue to disturb, and high levels of anxiety take place even after months of the event. It is not necessary that all people suffering from traumatic events develop this