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Regardless, it must noted that the policy has some exceptions. For example, the policy does not apply to ethnic minorities. In some cases, a family is given a chance to have a second child if the first-born is a girl (Li, Yi, and Zhang) (Feng, Poston Jr. and Wang). The One Child Policy has affected Chinese families in many ways. The research paper evaluates the policy to determine the positive and negative effects of the One-Child Policy on families and the entire Chinese society.
The implementation of the one-child policy began nationally in 1979. Approximately 6.1 million couples were given honorary certificates for giving birth to one child only. The couples swore never to give birth in the certificates. The number of one-child families continued to grow in the early 1980s. The rate of growth was approximately 4.4 million families every year (Feng, Poston Jr. and Wang 15). The one-child family norm has become a part of urban families. The growth of these families facilitated significant changes in the Chinese society, family relationships and family structure. Recent there have been changes in the one child policy law. A number of exceptions have been introduced. For example, a farmer who has a daughter only is allowed to give birth to have more than one child. Poor farmers who rely only on farming are allowed to have more than one child if the firstborn is a daughter or disabled. The family lifestyle of all China has been affected by the policy in varied. The policy has also been the source of many problems that currently face the Chinese society.
The presence of one child in a family has made it possible for parents to concentrate on providing the best for the child. Most of the children are taken to private schools and given the best education because the parents can afford it. These factors have positively influenced the life that a child lives as he grows. This was not the case before the implementation of
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However, due to increasing concerns of rural unstableness, liberal relaxations of Chinese rural policies were announced between 1984 and 1989. Under one-child policy, a couple from urban area can have only one -child whereas a couple from rural area may have two kids if the first kid is a girl.
Experts who were part of the implementation argue that it was only introduced as a temporary measure to halt the rise in population growth. While this intention cannot be questioned the implementation of the policy over the years has resulted in an imbalance within the population both within the male and female gender as well as between the older and younger generation.
Sharp evaluation of this policy, opposition and praise have emanated from various individuals and groups. The policy has been implemented within China with significant success. This has led to a sharp drop in the growth of the Chinese population. Criticisms have been staged from the international community against this policy because it has been viewed as a direct violation of fundamental human rights (Chow, Esther and Zhao 35).
This paper seeks to discuss impacts of China's one child policy, especially on gender imbalance and on the social pressure of the only child. The people of China have since admitted that there has been a reduction in the growth of population, however, gender imbalance has resulted heavily from all corners of the nation.
China's compulsory one-child population policy was initially established based on the 1980 population factors. The factors included signs of overpopulation (Chen 403). During this time, the people were happy with the revision of China’s prior cultural concepts.
Statistics show that there are more than fifty ethnic groups that call China home. China has a population of 1.34 billion people. There is no official religion in China due to the fact that it is a communist state. Half of the population in China do not have any religious affiliations and in some cases identify themselves as atheists.
Actually, during the 1970s, China had introduced a two-child policy to curb the rapid population growth (Von 4). Practically, one-child policy in China has been formulated for three decades now, and most couples are expected to have only one child, with the exception of ethnic minorities and rural residents to have more than one child (Zhai and Gao 746).
According to He, Xiaobo and Rong in America, it is reported that there is an increase in the participation of females in the labor force (4). Hence, economists have ventured in the study of the effects of fertility on the women’s labor participation.
At a macro level, effects such as sex ratio imbalance, increase in the cost of education as well as an increased dependency ratio are some of the effects that continue to be felt. This paper will discuss and analyze the adverse effects
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
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