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ams and support especially for children in poverty stricken regions, employment and educational opportunities for youth, recreational activities and correction programs which will prevent them from engaging in further criminal activities.
The changing lifestyle and social relations is having a dramatic effect on the young children and especially those who are in the transition phase from childhood to adolescence. Teenagers in the present day world are left to deal with changing family structures, stress of education and career choices and peer pressure in addition to effect of poverty and social status of their families. This changing environment has been a major contributing factor in the rising youth crime rates around the world. Children, especially teenagers, who are exposed to poverty, disintegrated family structures and peer and social pressures are more prone to commit crime at a young age (Juvenile Delinquency). In addition studies have also linked juvenile crime to substance abuse and constant use of drugs is also connected with re-offending resulting in a drug-crime cycle (Hodgdon). Substance abuse by teenagers is a growing social malady in the United States. Despite bans on the use of illicit drugs by teenagers, the percentage of adolescents using these substances since the 1990s is steadily rising (U. S. Department of Health and Human Services; Juvenile Delinquency and Substance Abuse). Many studies have also shown that drug trafficking involving youth is associated with violent criminal activities. Thus both the consumption of drugs and its trafficking involve violent and criminal activities; with juveniles hailing from lower socioeconomic backgrounds being targeted in a majority of the cases. In many cases teenagers addicted to drugs engage in violent or criminal activities in order to get money to support their substance addiction (Juvenile Delinquency; Juvenile Delinquency and Substance Abuse). Various measures are being undertaken by several
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One argument for teenage drinking is based on the fact that at the age of 18 individuals are already legal adults and can marry or get married, have a say in elections through voting, adopt children, drive vehicles, procure abortions, serve on juries, fly airplanes, hold important public offices, serve imprisonment and even capital punishment and sue or be sued in court, yet they cannot drink until they are 21 years old.
Alcohol has been the life of every family occasion and celebration. Nowadays, you don’t discount the presence of alcohol or booze during teenage parties. “Alcohol use is so common that it is easy to forget that alcohol is a very dangerous drug. For teens, it is also an illegal drug which is easy to forget”.
In United States the pregnancy rate among teenagers was the highest in 2006 after undergoing a sharp decline in 2005 (1 USPT Trends). It was analyzed in United States that from 1995 till 2002 the rates of pregnancy had decreased and it is believed that the most significant factor for this decrease was the increased use of contraceptives.
There had been several studies on crime, criminality and the justice system. The effects of crime had been extensively analyzed and different policies on how to effectively address this issue had been and continuously being done. Crime, according to the study of Quinney (65), is considered to be a phenomenon derived from a dynamic class process and is not inherent in behavior but based on the judgments on the actions and characteristics of others in which such actions violate the values and norms of a certain society or organization.
In addition, the current global situation has also led individuals to engage in certain crimes for survival. In addition, the number of immigrants both legal and illegal has also increased due to the economic recession and this has also led to several crimes committed by these individuals as they often have very little legal economic prospects.
This paper presents findings of various researchers and provides information on why teenage girls choose abortion.
The practice of abortion, a process of terminating the pregnancy to ensure it does not give birth to child, has been there since
The health status of a community dictates the life expectancy levels of individuals living in the community. Medical interventions are usually formulated so as to enhance the health status of a community. Community health as a discipline, may be categorized into
In addition, they used data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to enlighten their understanding the prevalence of early teen pregnancies in the US. However, unlike other researches on teen
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