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Despite this practice being illegal, it remains a rampant phenomenon. In some cases, it remains practiced openly (Alan 25).
The international Labor Organization places the number of children aged between five and fourteen who are workers in one way or another at an estimated 211 million across the world. Over 120 million children work full time to support their poverty stricken families in places that remain considered as hazardous (Michel 9). It estimates that the Asia/Pacific region hosts the highest number of children laborers at over100 million. Majority of child workers exist in the Sub Saharan region of Africa. It gets estimated that over 26% of the child population that is equivalent to 50 million children get actively involved in work.
The International Labor Rights Forum gets actively involved in lobbying to eradicate the practice of child labor all over the world. This gets done through shedding light on imported goods whose manufacturing process involve the participation of child labor, lobbying for creation of crucial policies and legislation governing child labor and by increasing heightened consumer action and awareness (Megha 10). It also promotes the strategies and policies of the International labor organization on child labor.
The labor laws with regard to children are dynamic and vary across nations. These labor laws set the rules and regulations that govern workers and work related issues. The minimum age that laborers ought to be, often gets stipulated in these labor laws. Employers get restricted from hiring anyone who does not meet the minimum age requires by the law (Megha 10). This minimum age varies from country to country and also defines the work that gets permitted at that particular age. Countries that ratified the 1973 Minimum age Convention that got convened by the International Labor Organization adopted the minimum age as fixed between the ages of fourteen to sixteen. In the Unites states, Child Labor Laws set the
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According to the ILO (2010), the reduction of the worst forms of child labor stalled globally in 2006 and in 2010, more than 215 million children remain engaged in child labor globally. The expansion of capitalism in the global political economy has been particularly problematic for the elimination of exploitative child labor.
In USA, 25 percent of native workers and 20 percent of immigrants were employed in high-skilled jobs (requiring a bachelor’s degree or more); 29 percent of natives and 24 percent of immigrant workers in middle-skilled occupations; and 46 percent of natives and 56 percent of immigrants in low-skilled jobs (requiring high school or less education) (Capps, Michael Fix, and Serena Yi-Ying Lin).
In order to understand the mechanics of child labor as a consequence of this fast paced technological world, we need to conduct an in-depth study of all the elements or variables involved individually. The foremost basic element is child labor itself and in order to hold a deep understanding of the term, a clear cut definition is required.
It also classifies worst forms of child labor to include pornography, forced conscription of children for employment in armed conflict, debt bondage, slavery, prostitution, use of children in drug trafficking among other illegal activities, and any other work that may be perilous or harmful to the health, morals or safety of boys and girls below the age of 18 years.
Freedom does not only refer to the liberty of moving around in the world without physical captivation, it also relates to the right to express true feelings and pursuing whichever direction they want in life. It becomes even more severe and dreadful when children are deprived of such freedom and made to work when they are rightfully supposed to develop their mental capabilities with academics.
It is estimated, according to international labor organization that more than two hundred and fifty million children who are between the ages of five and seventeen are working under poor conditions. These conditions are describes as being hardazious and really explosive (Cigno, 2005).
The employers of the country are often observed to unethically engage children in various types of hazardous works as they are more cost effective and decipher high compliance with the work as compared to the adults. Moreover, it has been witnessed that as children as less aware of their rights, employers attempt to obtain the advantages by wrongfully engaging them as laborers (UNICEF Bangladesh, n.
In as much as this practice is a global practice, the United States and China have been accused lately of not doing enough to curb the inhumane practice. According to an article carried in New York Times, child labor is promoted by aspects such as poverty, some cultural practices, and lack of alternative micro-economic activities.
The major goal of the WTO is to make sure that the trading activities between nations are carried out smoothly without unnecessary hindrances or barriers. Consequently, the body creates and monitors the agreements which aim to reduce the trade barriers
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