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Practical Lexicography - Book Report/Review Example

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Theoretical lexicography is the scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic relationships within the lexicon or vocabulary of a language and developing theories of dictionary components and structures and linking the data in dictionaries…
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Practical Lexicography

Download file to see previous pages... Bo Svensen (Author), John Sykes and Kirsten Schofield (Translators) Svensen, born 1941, Stockholm, studied Latin, Greek and French in Stockholm University. Primary degree, Latin, 1967. PhD. Stockholm, 1998. Editor of university textbooks 1967-76. Editor, Esselte Studium Dictionary Dept., 1976-78, Managing editor 1978-83. Terminologist, Swedish Centre for Technical Terminology, 1983-88. Private Secretary, Swedish Academy from 1988. Publications on lexicography and co-author of several dictionaries. Practical Lexicography is the art or craft of compiling, writing and editing dictionaries. Theoretical lexicography is the scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic relationships within the lexicon or vocabulary of a language and developing theories of dictionary components and structures and linking the data in dictionaries. This is referred to as metalexicography. A person, devoted to lexicography is called a lexicographer. Dr Johnson in his Dictionary of the English Language (1757), [1, Dr Johnson 1757] defined a writer of dictionaries as ‘a harmless drudge that busies him in tracing the original, and detailing the signification of words.’ General lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of general dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries providing a description of language in general daily use, this is called a general or LGP dictionary....
language dictionaries are constructed, how materials are selected, arranged and explained

and how computers have revolutionised the construction of dictionaries.

Bo Svensen [2, Svensen 1987] deals with theoretical innovation and linguistic

scholarship required for compiling dictionaries. Svensen carefully designs methods to

overcome the theoretical obstructions faced by the lexicographers and introduce some

scientific rigours for scientific dictionary compilation. Svensen is a classical scholar,

dictionary editor, terminologist and a Swedish academic official and correctly outlines

that lexicography is highly stressful teamwork requiring efficient planning and

administration. This work must be regulated in a detailed style manual in order to guide

the selection and categorising of material for inclusion in the dictionary. The most

important consideration is to determine if lexicography is an applied linguistic discipline.

The author is concerned with what dictionary users demand from their dictionaries as

well as what dictionaries demand from their users - two important requirements for

further detailed discussion. Svensen's work on creating dictionaries has been widely

replicated, however Svensen was most original in delineating the essential requirements

for dictionary users in Chapter 14.

Dictionary users:

Groups: by age; occupation and level of knowledge

Tourists; Pupils; Students; Translators; Secretaries; Journalists and Politicians

Linguistic activity and the information categorisation process:

listen and read (passive), decode, speak and write, encode actively;

native language, explain in native language.

Monolingual dictionary Monolingual dictionary Bilingual dictionary

in native language not in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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