Name College Course Instructor Date Electronic Health Records in the Healthcare System Introduction Electronic Health Records improve the performance of Health care system. According to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), an Electronic health record in health system is defined as the digital version of paper chart in a clinician’s office…
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An EHR allows a practitioner to track data over time, examine how patients are doing on certain parameters like blood pressure readings. It can easily identify patients who are schedule for preventative screenings, and monitor the overall quality of care within the practice for improvement (Menachemi, 46). Basically, EHR contains the medical and treatment records of the patients in ones practice. An EHR is said to make easier the process of patient's record-keeping, its more accurate, comprehensive and more efficient. Moreover, doctors use specialized software, which allow them to enter information electronically making patient’s complete history available immediately. Physicians can use a laptop, desktop or electronic clipboard to check through patients’ charts and record notes. The EHR streamlines and automates clinician work-flow; this is because EHR has the ability to generate a complete record of a clinical patient encounter, as well as supporting other care related activities both directly and indirectly (Skolnik,46). History of Electronic Health Records The earliest data processing systems that focused on managing clinical data were first developed in the mid 1960s.This processing system, now known as hospital information system, mainly focused on managing clinical data. This was first introduced at El Camino Hospital in Mountain View, California. Later on a number of processing systems were developed. In 1972, the first Electronic Medical Records system was developed by Regenstrif institute. However, as much as this technology was considered advancement in medical practices, it didn’t attract many physicians. Early 2000s, there was the emergence of web-based softwares. Salesforce.com together with other web- based companies emerged, providing the software as- a- service (SaaS). EHR vendors began to offer remotely-hosted options. Furthermore, in 2004, President George W. Bush adopted the electronic health records. He demonstrated his commitment to health information technology by doubling funding for health care IT demonstration project, raising it from $50 million to $100 million (Gartee, 46). In addition, he created a new sub-cabinet position of National Health Information Coordinator. Moreover, George Bush called for widespread adoption of EHR systems by 2014. There was more emphasis on standards for electronically transmitting lab results, X-rays and electronic prescriptions. In 2008, the idea of personal health record came into view. This was mainly influenced by the growth of Internet. This personal health record was where an individual curates his/her own health data online through electronic device. Later in 2009, Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act was passed as part of President Obama’s American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 stimulus package. Furthermore, ARRA contributed to the progress of the switch to electronic records by providing Medicare rebates of up to $44,000 Medicaid rebates of up to $63,750. Lately, in 2011 the Office of the National Coordinator of the HITECH Act created a certification program in response to the need for clarity on what EHR is capable of meeting useful criteria during the first phase, or Stage 1, of adopting EHRs. Specifically, the ONC announces which that 6 certification
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