[Author’s Name] Welfare Dependence Introduction Public welfare is the transfer of public resources to those in need for reasons of inability to feed, cloth and care for themselves on a temporary basis…
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The support is, however, provided with the proviso that it may well be reduced and/or withdrawn any time when the condition of the recipient improves. Subsequent to the relief support provided to people in distress, 'make work', a New Deal concept created during the 1930s or later on redefined as 'workfare' were initiated so that the temporarily affected would feel that they earned their relief support rather than receiving it as a hand out (Prabhakar 1). Workfare is also a concept used in relation to welfare reform. It is a mechanism of imposing work requirements on recipients of public assistance. Despite several problems workfare encountered in the past, a number of states use it now as a means of shifting welfare dependent persons into the formal wage work with the proviso that sometime in the future those who, it is claimed, did not have work experiences, would be acquainted with the world of work, and would some how hook themselves to jobs and eventually become self-sufficient. Single mother parents, the recipients of public and other institutional assistance, are people, who for various reasons, including the death of or abandonment, separation or unmarried status, become household heads and take care of their children and other members of the family in place of the traditional breadwinner - the husband. The number of poor people in single mother household heads rose from some two million in the 1950s and 1960s to 11.4 million in the 2010 (Seccombe 23; Open City Foundations, 1). Although, single mothers were provided with welfare checks and other basic need supplies from the state on a relief basis, many were not able to achieve self-sufficiency. Alternative approaches that would capacitate single mothers need to be explored. Policy Issues and Poverty Urban poverty as it relates to single mothers has been a serious problem that had defied meaningful solution in the U.S. The problem had its roots in the changing circumstances of the poor as the economy changed in structural terms. The deficits experienced from time to time and the consequences of these to policy-making and implementation was equally responsible for exacerbating the poverty and inequality problems in American cities. In her case studies of psychological consequences of growing poor in the U.S. (living in small towns and isolated rural communities as well as large cities in Midwestern and Southeastern United States), Musick (in Chafel 10) puts the problem in context. She says that too much responsibility is placed on disadvantaged mothers with fewer resources and that the mothers are required to play humongous roles in producing palatable environments for the growth of their children (Musick in Chafel 1990: 10). Disadvantaged mothers, in her own words (1990:10): Are called on to do and be far more than their middle class counterparts, with fewer resources to support them in this role (parenting) and many more burdens to contend with…. The present circumstances of poverty force disadvantaged parents to take an almost superhuman roles as mediators of their children's environments…. Families, single mother parent-based households in particular, have to fend for themselves in the context of their communities and localities and individually, formally at least. The state comes in with its public support programs during times of economic crisis like the 1929 market crash that affected all strata of
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The idea of Welfare is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of the wealth of the society and public responsibility for citizen groups that are in some ways in need of support from the state.
The report concludes that while organic farming of animals is often costly, most people prefer such meat products. Animal welfare is defined as the care for the physical and mental wellbeing of animals in general by having proper farming practices that take into account the animal’s “species, its size, weight, age, and sex”.
This was the result of several businessmen complaining that the railway companies were using unethical tactics and driving them out of business. The events led to a depression and the government began to regulate the railways in an effort to get the country out of the depression faster (1).
One such theory that has come to a level of prominence within the past several decades is what can be defined as a “common welfare economy”. In seeking to understand and delineate what specifically a common welfare economy in detail, the following analysis will provide a summary overview of 20 points that help to define a common welfare economy; delineating whether or not each of these points are acceptable with regards to creating a new approach to economics and a new definition of the way in which society and business must interact with one another.
Distribution of wealth, equality of opportunities and public responsibility are the principles of a welfare state. There are three main families of explanations in welfare development which include, political institutions, political culture and social actors (University 36-109).
Studies have proved that the most important factor involved in separation of parents is for them to prepare the children for the change that is due. CAFCASS has recognized that long court proceedings do more damage than good to the children involved and determined that what is needed of them is earlier therapeutic work with the parents to help them adjust to change (Adams, 2007).
In the year 2002, daily average of children found to be victims of child abuse and neglect were found to be around 2,454 in number. Another discovery was made that same year that 532,000 children lived in foster homes. This was due to the fact that could not find comfort in their homes.
She states that "most of the welfare mothers who hadn't found a job within the first 30 days were placed in full-time employment-training programs" (Hays). She specifies that in fictitious Arbordale and Sunbelt City, nearly all these training programs were geared to low-wage jobs: nursing assistants, cook's helpers, introductory computer skills, child care, and janitorial work.
This process of farming often disregards the welfare of the animal. This report explores the conflict between cheap food and the well-being of farm animals. Also explored in the report is the likelihood of people
However, what drives this issue is the general perception about the people receiving government aid that they are using the money to engage in drug abuse. Both sides of the argument have their point and both may be to some degree
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