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On Welfare Dependance - Essay Example

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[Author’s Name] Welfare Dependence Introduction Public welfare is the transfer of public resources to those in need for reasons of inability to feed, cloth and care for themselves on a temporary basis…
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On Welfare Dependance

Download file to see previous pages... The support is, however, provided with the proviso that it may well be reduced and/or withdrawn any time when the condition of the recipient improves. Subsequent to the relief support provided to people in distress, 'make work', a New Deal concept created during the 1930s or later on redefined as 'workfare' were initiated so that the temporarily affected would feel that they earned their relief support rather than receiving it as a hand out (Prabhakar 1). Workfare is also a concept used in relation to welfare reform. It is a mechanism of imposing work requirements on recipients of public assistance. Despite several problems workfare encountered in the past, a number of states use it now as a means of shifting welfare dependent persons into the formal wage work with the proviso that sometime in the future those who, it is claimed, did not have work experiences, would be acquainted with the world of work, and would some how hook themselves to jobs and eventually become self-sufficient. Single mother parents, the recipients of public and other institutional assistance, are people, who for various reasons, including the death of or abandonment, separation or unmarried status, become household heads and take care of their children and other members of the family in place of the traditional breadwinner - the husband. The number of poor people in single mother household heads rose from some two million in the 1950s and 1960s to 11.4 million in the 2010 (Seccombe 23; Open City Foundations, 1). Although, single mothers were provided with welfare checks and other basic need supplies from the state on a relief basis, many were not able to achieve self-sufficiency. Alternative approaches that would capacitate single mothers need to be explored. Policy Issues and Poverty Urban poverty as it relates to single mothers has been a serious problem that had defied meaningful solution in the U.S. The problem had its roots in the changing circumstances of the poor as the economy changed in structural terms. The deficits experienced from time to time and the consequences of these to policy-making and implementation was equally responsible for exacerbating the poverty and inequality problems in American cities. In her case studies of psychological consequences of growing poor in the U.S. (living in small towns and isolated rural communities as well as large cities in Midwestern and Southeastern United States), Musick (in Chafel 10) puts the problem in context. She says that too much responsibility is placed on disadvantaged mothers with fewer resources and that the mothers are required to play humongous roles in producing palatable environments for the growth of their children (Musick in Chafel 1990: 10). Disadvantaged mothers, in her own words (1990:10): Are called on to do and be far more than their middle class counterparts, with fewer resources to support them in this role (parenting) and many more burdens to contend with…. The present circumstances of poverty force disadvantaged parents to take an almost superhuman roles as mediators of their children's environments…. Families, single mother parent-based households in particular, have to fend for themselves in the context of their communities and localities and individually, formally at least. The state comes in with its public support programs during times of economic crisis like the 1929 market crash that affected all strata of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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