quora
Nobody downloaded yet

The Impacts of the Politeness Principle on Foreign Language Acquisition, Geoff Leech - Term Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Language idiosyncracies hamper foreign language acquisition. Therefore, more attention should be given to these aspects in the foreign language classroom. Language idiosyncracies tend to confuse the language learner which sometimes result in the learner using the wrong word in the wrong situation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.8% of users find it useful
The Impacts of the Politeness Principle on Foreign Language Acquisition, Geoff Leech
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Impacts of the Politeness Principle on Foreign Language Acquisition, Geoff Leech"

Download file to see previous pages An example of these words is the word conduct. If the stress is placed on the first syllable, conduct means “behavior.” But if the stress is placed on the second syllable, the word means “to carry out.” Plural words also cause difficulty on the part of the learner. It is sometimes very difficult to explain to the learner why some words can be made plural by adding -s and why some cannot. For example, words like monkey can be made plural by adding -s. But the rule cannot be applied to the word money. The teacher should pay attention to these idiosyncracies to help the learner have a clear idea of when and how to use an aspect of the language being studied. As a result, the learner is able to proficiently and efficiently make use of the language and avoid being misunderstood or hurting the feelings of the person he or she is talking to. This is where the politeness principle comes in. The politeness principle which was developed by Geoff Leech is a series of maxims which help explain how politeness operates in conversational exchanges. According to Leech, “ politeness are forms of behavior that establish and maintain comity or the ability of participants in a social interaction to engage in interaction in a friendly social atmosphere(Leech, 2005). Leech uses two terms for referring to two kinds of illocutionary acts. He calls representatives “assertives” and directives “impositives” (Leech, 2005). The politeness principle is comprised of six maxims. Each maxim has a sub-maxim which has less importance (Leech, 2005). These are used to show that negative politeness or avoidance of discord is more important than positive politeness or seeking discord. Leech says that not all the maxims are equally important. He also says that speakers may adhere to more than one maxim of politeness at the same time. The Tact Maxim Theoretical Application The first of the maxims is the tact maxim. This maxim aims to minimize cost and maximize benefit to another person (Leech, 2005). Examples of the tact maxim are “Peel these potatoes”, “ Hand me the newspaper”, and “ Could you possibly answer the phone?”. According to Leech, there are two levels of politeness in the tact maxim. Commands like “Sit down”, “Get a cup of water”, and “ Close the door” are considered impolite while requests such as “Please sit down”, “Could you kindly get me a glass of water”, and “Won’t you have another drink” are considered polite. Leech explains that indirect illocutions are more polite because they give the person being addressed to an option of whether or not to obey. Reiter explains in her book Linguistic Politeness in Britain and Uruguay: A Contrastive Study of Requests and Apology that “politeness is a form of social interaction, a form that mediates between the individual and the social” (Reiter, 2000). She also adds that politeness assumes that each society has its own prescriptive social rules for different cultural contexts (Reiter 2000). Trosborg in her book Interlanguage Pragmatics: Requests, Complaints, and Apologies that “politeness is a pragmatic mechanism in which a variety of structures work together according to the speaker’s attention to achieving smooth communication” (Trosborg, 1995). that Leech also explains that the more indirect ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Impacts of the Politeness Principle on Foreign Language Term Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/english/1390870-the-impacts-of-the-politeness-principle-on-foreign-language-acquisition-geoff-leech
(The Impacts of the Politeness Principle on Foreign Language Term Paper)
https://studentshare.org/english/1390870-the-impacts-of-the-politeness-principle-on-foreign-language-acquisition-geoff-leech.
“The Impacts of the Politeness Principle on Foreign Language Term Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1390870-the-impacts-of-the-politeness-principle-on-foreign-language-acquisition-geoff-leech.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
my
myron01 added comment 6 months ago
Student rated this paper as
I never thought 2500 words essay could be written in such a free manner. I loved the idea of this essay. Will definitely use it for my own work!
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Assessing Foreign Markets
There are two key strategic objectives which are served when a firm makes an entry into the global markets i.e. reduce costs to add more value to the firm and to achieve more profitability and secondly to enter into new markets. Since firms tend to reach a particular stage of their life cycle in a particular market therefore firms need to make an effort to enter new markets.
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
Derivatives and Foreign Exchange
Such derivatives are majorly used for currency speculations and arbitrages or hedging foreign exchange risks, financial risks that are posed by exposure to unanticipated alterations within the exchange rates between two different countries (Levi, 2005). A derivative is one of the three main classifications of the financial instruments which are the debt (mortgages and bonds), and equities (stocks).
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
Issue in acquisition
Companies are using all possible strategies to gain market share and thwart the competition. In this aspect one of the main strategies includes the route of merger and acquisition. The opening up of global economies has further given a boost to this strategy that not only helps companies gain a considerable market share but to also to gain consolidation in the market space.
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
Principle of Fordism
This is a correct assumption, although Fordism is much more than that. It has a political and social component as well (Gottfried, 2000, p237). Fordism was the customary practice and scheme in the industrialization of developing countries because it gives emphasis on the effectiveness of mass production (Huw, 2006, p31).
1 Pages(250 words)Term Paper
Language Acquisition
Even before they turn one, babies are able to understand the meaning of words and by their first birthday, they begin to pronounce them in an effort to communicate to those around them. The starting point is usually simple words before they finally master the language to which they have been exposed, that is, their first language.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Merger/Acquisition Wells Fargo & Wachovia
The company offered banking through buying of gold, and selling of paper bank drafts which was good as gold, more also it expresses rapid delivery of the gold and anything else valuable. Wachovia become the first in the year 1958 of North Carolina, Union National Bank and therefore as the Wachovia Corporation in the year 1968.
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper
Age And Acquisition Of English As A Foreign Language
A growing importance of teaching foreign language in schools has been recently observed in several countries. Governments are taking active measures and implementing effective policies addressed at providing education in the second language to children in schools and has also reduced the age criteria for learning a foreign language.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Psycholinguistics and Second Language Acquisition
Teachers mostly deliver their lectures in English, and the students are also encouraged to communicate with one another in English. The teachers adopt a certain methodology to teach English. They start it through making
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
Acquisition Strategy Paper
However, acquisitions pose great challenges in terms of marketing, logistics, and management of human resources. This includes integration of the firm’s personnel, routine, and
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
Better Acquisition Planning and Contracts
They all advocated for the use of written documents and cost estimations. Written documents ensure that the appropriate format to each agency is followed and that a proper criterion is adopted. DHS and NASA adopted the need to base their acquisition plans on past experiences so that unnecessary mistakes is not made in the future.
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic The Impacts of the Politeness Principle on Foreign Language Acquisition, Geoff Leech for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us