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Emile Rousseau's Radical Theory on Education - Coursework Example

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The paper "Emile Rousseau's Radical Theory on Education" describes that theories are especially relevant in today’s society, since his conception that the ills of society will be fostered in a child raised in urban areas, is proving to be true. Most children today are raised within urban areas…
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Emile Rousseaus Radical Theory on Education
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Download file to see previous pages (b) the second stage from ages 10 to 15 which is the beginning of reason and (c) the age after 15 when the child grows into an adult. Rousseau believed that during the process of education a child learnt how to develop his social consciousness to live within a community.
Rousseau believed that man is born as a natural savage, wherein he is inclined to follow his natural instincts and live just like an animal. Therefore, he must be taught how to be a good citizen and this may be achieved by teaching him how to develop his social consciousness. He believed that this could best be achieved in a natural setting like the outdoors since growing up in urban areas and congested cities were anathema to a child’s growth. He believed that since man’s natural instincts as a savage led him in the direction of selfishness - thinking only about himself and the immediate gratification of his own desires, it was vital that education is geared towards teaching young children how to overcome those natural impulses to be selfish to live within a social framework and think of others. Living in the cities, however, is not conducive towards the achievement of these goals. Within a materialistic framework, a child only learns how to be more selfish and this is not helpful in a social sense, to build a community.
Another salient feature of Rousseau’s ideas on education as elucidated in “Emile” is the fact that children are different from adults. This was different from the salient belief of the day, wherein children were viewed as miniature adults. Rousseau viewed children as innocent and slow to mature, clay that could be molded appropriately to make them good citizens. However, he was also a great believer in maintaining the self-esteem of children. He was not in favor of social repression and did not advocate the suppression of individual freedoms in order to achieve the greater goal of communal harmony.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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