StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and Educational Studies - Literature review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The review “Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and Educational Studies» reminds that not a technique of research matters the most, but its results. The results of both reviewed studies are based on empirically correct, quantitative positivistic methods.  …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful
Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and Educational Studies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and Educational Studies"

Download file to see previous pages Reference to two chosen research articles will be used to illustrate how research styles are used today.  Those articles are,” Does the Auditory Saltation Stimulus Distinguish Dyslexic From Competently Reading Adults?” by Joanna Kidd and John Hogben (2007) and “In Maturation of Visual and Auditory Temporal Processing School-Aged Children” by Piers Dawes and Dorothy Bishop (2008).
The attempt will be made through discussion to determine whether the approach used was positivist, interpretive or constructivist or a combination thereof.  The articles will also be compared to the qualitative and quantitative methods and whether they are empirical or non-empirical in a method. Ethics will be touched on as a necessary part of any research that is done today.
To begin, let us discuss the different methods presently available for use in designing and carrying out research such as that noted above. In any research, there is a method used and though we would often think that the scientific method would always be used, that may not be true. The method of study is usually determined prior to the study being done. Will the study be empirical or non-empirical? Will it be Quantitative or Qualitative? What about positivist or interpretivist or maybe constructivist?  Sometimes the study itself will determine the method to be used. Sometimes there is a particular method or paradigm particularly appreciated by the researcher.
Interpretive research is oftentimes seen as descriptive or summarizing in the method. This type of research obtains its data indirectly through other than direct research methods. The data may come from such places as academic books, policies, laws, or regulations (Xinping, 2002). Most of this type of research is done in a library with resources found there. The interpretive approach is described as often speculative, philosophical or impressionistic. The results of the research are not often used as any direct assistance to any future work. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and E Literature review”, n.d.)
Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and E Literature review. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1521735-educational-research-essay
(Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and E Literature Review)
Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and E Literature Review. https://studentshare.org/education/1521735-educational-research-essay.
“Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and E Literature Review”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1521735-educational-research-essay.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and Educational Studies

Counselling approaches to case studies

...? Counseling Approaches to Case Studies Counseling approaches to case studies Part Question Marie is in Erik Erikson’s stage known as identity vs. role confusion; at the age of seventeen years, she is searching for an identity that will lead her to adulthood. Depending on how she conquered her adolescence and resolves earlier conflicts, she will be successful in search of identity. The main reason why she fears that the boyfriend may become intimidated and leave her is because she may not have fully developed sense of trust (Slee, 2002). Marie lacks a strong sense of industry and thus cannot believe in herself. She does not believe that she will be successful in her relationship if she becomes dedicated and committed with her boyfriend...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Interpretive exercise

...-On Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible. US: Zondervan, 2012. http://books.google.com/books?id=7cMmBIFq3koC&pg=PT269&lpg=PT269&dq=Does+the+author’s+argument+in+the+book+suggest+a+meaning&source=bl&ots=KzyE6D-sfE&sig=v-97loW-ZAt7jlhmyhSeNpLXpRY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OSpyULKGG-a_ygG4ioG4BA&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAQ (accessed October 7, 2012). Thayer, and Smith. “Greek Lexicon Entry for 'Charis.’” Bible Study Tools Dot Com. http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/charis.html (accessed October 7, 2012)....
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Predicting outcomes and results-interpretive and positivist approach

This approach can then be argued as one that is full of flaws as persons use their own beliefs to pass judgments, as opposed to making critical evaluations on the policies of the concerned individuals in our case the presidential aspirants (Sandberg 44). Sandberg continues to argue that interpretive approaches are the root causes of faults in the society as they majorly focus on the theoretical assumptions to make final judgments (45). Prainsack attests to the fact that interpretive approaches have led making the wrong conclusions touching on various subjects (404). In the case of legalizing marijuana, it is evident that the same would not have been legalized had the interpretive approach had been implemented. This is because gene...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Interpretive Analysis

This essay aims to analyze and understand ‘The Mind’s Eye’ by Oliver Sacks. Moreover, the paper will also present a clear understanding through the different stories of blind people from the book regarding how blind people not only utilize their other senses in an enhanced way but also how they have managed to live a better life and compensate the losses. Dr. Sacks teaches neurology as a professor at the New York University, School of Medicine. His past collection of books is counted to be 10. All these books are case studies of his patients. The Mind’s Eye was published in 2010. In the Mind’s Eye, Sacks major emphasis is on the vision and the perception. Through the seven different case studies, Dr. Sacks has explains how our br...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Social sciences. Positivist and interpretive approaches to social science

...Positivist and interpretive approaches to social science Introduction "The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. They diverge from the arts and humanities in that the social sciences tend to emphasize the use of the scientific method in the study of humanity, including quantitative and qualitative methods. The social sciences, in studying subjective, inter-subjective and objective or structural aspects of society, are sometimes referred to as soft sciences. This is in contrast to hard sciences, which may focus exclusively on objective aspects of nature. Social scientists engage in research and theorize about both group and individual behaviors." (Wikipedia-the free encyclopedia) Social...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Interpretive planning

... Discussion Summary and conclusion. Introduction: Definition of Interpretation When the concept of interpretation is taken it can be explained with two of its attributes as philosophy and theory. Interpretive philosophy. Interpretation in very common term can be seen as just one discipline among many communication disciplines, with each having its own strengths and weaknesses. Our duty is to pick the best in the given. According to Freeman Tilden, who is referred to as the father of interpretation, it is an educational activity that reveals the meaning and relationships by using original objects, first hand experience and illustrative media, rather than simply serving to communicate factual information. To put it in a nutshell...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Proposal

The Positivist and Interpositivist Approaches To Sociology

...The Positivist and Interpositivist Approaches To Sociology The goal of the study of sociology is to understand human behaviours and the relationship between biological, social and cultural influences on human personalities. However, looking at the ways and methods of studying human behaviours employed in sociology, shows variations and diversity in the understanding of the nature of people, their relationship to society and how best to investigate human behaviour. The Positivist and Interpretivist approaches to the study of sociology seek to highlight how best to acquire valid knowledge concerning human behaviour. The Positivist Approach. This school of thought suggest that sociology can be scientific in its study of human actions...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Social Constructivist Perspective

... activities (Malmgren and Trezek, 2009). A teacher should be fully involved in the learning process of all students. He should be there to offer guidance where the students show signs of weakness of lack of confidence. He should encourage good performance and not expect only what students are able to deliver in terms of learning. Q2. Social Constructivist Perspective and Students with Disabilities The social constructivist model deals with people constructing new knowledge from their interactions with other people. This is a learning perspective that focuses on the interdependence of individual and social processes in the construction of understanding and knowledge. Dudley-Marling says that learning problems exist in the minds...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Interpretive exercise

... invaders in 235 AD. Bibliography Bible Gateway.com, “Acts 19 and 20 (New International Version)” http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts%2019&version=NIV (accessed October 11, 2012). Constable, Dr. Thomas, “Notes on 1 Timothy” http://www.soniclight.com/constable/notes/pdf/1timothy.pdf. (accessed October 11, 2012). Duvall, J Scott et al, Grasping Gods Word: A Hands-On Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible, Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 2012. Matthews, PG, Grace Valley Christian Center, “Paul’s Miraculous Ministry in Ephesus”, http://www.gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/1999/Pauls_Miraculous_Ministry_in_Ephesus.html#.UHeG9lHAHU (accessed October 11, 2012).... Timothy 6: 10 Grasp...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

The Social and Cultural Contexts of Deviance

Generally, deviance is a behavior that is seen as harmful, disruptive, or criminal. However, it may come as the result of being statistically unique. This brings into question whether there can be positive deviance. For example, if a student got straight A+ grades, the Underachievers Club may view them like a deviant. As a group, they may place sanctions on them above and beyond what they would the average student. This illustrates the concept that deviance must be seen through the lens of the social or cultural context that it takes place in (Keel, 2008).
Social norms are the types of behavior that are established and maintained by society and are considered to be acceptable. Because deviance is the transgression of a norm a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

...DECISION-MAKING IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE: ECONOMICS a) Why are market forces unsuitable for health service resource allocation? Refer in your answer to the problems of consumer sovereignty, agency, and health outcome measurement. Market forces, demand and supply, move in opposite directions with respect to price changes. When the price of a good is high the demand for it is less while the supply of it is greater. This is economic sense but nevertheless this positive economic statement about the predictable behavior of the consumer does not hold true when the demand patterns for Giffen and inferior goods are factored in. For instance when income, of the individual consumer, rises his demand for inferior goods such as potatoes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Management: Social Responsibility and Ethics

When we speak about business management, most people talk about the core business functions like strategies, products, training & development, management of various departments of the business like marketing, production, planning, etc. Social responsibilities and business ethics are the least communicated topics in the business community because of the least preference given to the non-productive sectors by organizations. Most of the greedy organizations spent millions on the research and development for improving their competitive power in the business world, but they often keep a blind eye towards their responsibility towards ensuring proper ethical standards in their business activities. Organizations that underestimate the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

International Security Studies: Examination

Globalization affects international security in the sense that problems involving terrorism, the environment, religious extremism, weapons of mass destruction, and the economic crises have become more universal and widespread in character (Ivanov “Article”). As a result, these issues pose a greater threat to national and international stability and safety. More lives are now affected by threats to international security; these threats did not seem too ominous before the entry of globalization. Consequently, some extremists justify the use of mass weapons of destruction in order to guarantee their security. And as globalization continues to expand and to grow bigger as a phenomenon, threats to international security are...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and Its Capacity for Addressing the Needs of the Hospitality Industry

...Independent Research Study An investigation into the Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and its Capa for Addressing the Needs and Expectations of the Hospitality Industry in the Country Submitted by : Submitted to : Course : Date : September 29, 2009 Word Count : 3,069 words STATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP “I confirm that no part of this work, except where clearly quoted and referenced, has been copied from material belonging to any person e.g. from a book, handout, another student. I am aware that it is a breach of GIHE regulations to copy the work of another without clear acknowledgement and that attempting to do so render me liable to disciplinary procedures.” ________________ Table of Contents I. Consultant’s Brief 4...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Analysis of Educational Website

.... In other words, availability of information has now become an easy process that used to be a troublesome process in the past. For this purpose, in order to recognize the contribution of internet in the field of education, the paper will specifically identify an educational website, and will carry out its analysis to evaluate the extent of internet in terms of facilitating people from different and diverse backgrounds regardless of their cast, color, and creed. In particular, the researcher chose the Google search engine (2010) to carry out its research for locating an efficient educational website, and within few minutes and with few clicks, it was the official website of “the Smithsonian Center for Education and Museum Studies” (SE, 2010...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate social responsibility refers to the responsibility of an organization that focuses not only on optimum utilization of available resources, but also on ensuring its resources, processes, and products are not causing harm to the society at large, and also try to add greater value. However, the explanation of CSR is not limited to this thought and is perceived differently by different organizations, different groups of population and different regions of the world (Karake-Shalhoub & Karake, 1999).

A holistic understanding why organizations can have such lasting effect on the society may be drawn from Dawe’s (1970; p.214) explanation of sociology that identifies two distinct aspects, sociology of social...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Economy and Social Activity of The Broken Hill Community

Soon a retail industry was built up and the community began to grow and is considered to be a society with a civic nature (Learning Communities in Education and Training, 2009). The community of Broken Hill can be considered to be highly diverse with a census that was conducted in the area in 1996 showed that out of the then population there were 961 people who came from overseas and a large amount of those was not from an English speaking nation. The large composition of the population in the community at the time was aboriginals or Torres Strait Islanders. Broken Hill thus shows a varying ethnic community and a diverse mindset considering a large proportion of the people are from nations such as Greece, Malta and even Italy (Lea...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

French Studies: Approaches to Language

The contradictions distinguish languages from dialects while others seem to diminish the differences. The distinction, therefore, varies with reference to the users of a language or a dialect.
The most common and distinct criterion used is the mutual intelligibility is defining a language as a dialect if one person speaking a particular dialect absolutely understands the other speaking a different dialect2. The contrary is considered to be a different language altogether. The problem arises where dialect A and B may be mutually intelligible, B may also be mutually intelligible to C but C happens not to be workplace to A. This is referred to as dialect continua and it often leads to a contradiction. For instance, the person spe...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Literature review on topic Positivist, Interpretive and Constructivist Approaches in Social and Educational Studies for FREE!

Contact Us