StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

RECIDIVISM/What are the possible social contributors for offnder to become repeatoffender What impact if any does recidivism ha - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Recidivism Name:  Institution:       Abstract Recidivism denotes the act of repeating a pattern of behavior or act that is undesirable, especially criminal offences. The rate of recidivism as of 2003 stood at 53% and 39% for arrested males and females respectively…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.1% of users find it useful
RECIDIVISM/What are the possible social contributors for offnder to become repeatoffender What impact if any does recidivism ha
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "RECIDIVISM/What are the possible social contributors for offnder to become repeatoffender What impact if any does recidivism ha"

Download file to see previous pages This is important because the focus on incarceration as punishment has shown diminishing benefits on the currently imprisoned individuals. Therefore, focus should be directed towards what happens within prisons and not just incarcerating convicts for the sake of punishing them. Recidivism Introduction Recidivism denotes the act of repeating a pattern of behavior that is often undesirable after experiencing negative consequences as a result of the same act or behavioral pattern or after receiving training aimed at extinguishing the behavior (National Institute of Justice, 2013). The term recidivism is drawn from the Latin term recidivus, which means “recurring”. The term is also narrowly used under the correctional realm to denote the percentage of former inmates that get rearrested after a certain period of time on new offenses (Elam, 2008). According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2013), recidivism is a measure of how many criminal acts resulted in a return to prison, reconviction or re-arrest with or without a new sentence within a timeframe of three years following a prisoner’s release. The effect of recidivism on former inmates is a common topic of discussion, and in many cases it is believed that most prisoners may find themselves where they started-in incarceration (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2003). ...
The U.S has so much focused on the front end of the correctional system by incarcerating criminals for correctional purposes, but it has forgotten the tail end of this system that churns out released prisoners who are vulnerable of repeating the vicious cycle. The system has little focus on preventing former prisoners from the likelihood of re-offense, and thus the high levels of recidivism rates. This is a significant challenge because at least 95% of inmates will be finally released into the society at some point (Noren, 2013). Social Contributors to Recidivism According to Christy (2003), one national study showed that 7 out of 10 released male inmates were rearrested within a three year period and half of them would be back to prison. According to this study, this rate of recidivism is a result of situational and personal characteristics, which define how well the individual is able to reintegrate into society. The whole situation depends on the individual, family, peers, the social environment and the state policies (Christy, 2003). Correctional observers have for long not given priority to the fact that released prisoners who re-enter society face numerous challenges, which would predictably lead them back to prison. Prisoners are often stripped off their civil rights and reluctantly reabsorbed into society, and this leads to further isolation and alienation, which drives them back into crime. This largely results from the feelings of rejection among family and the society at large (Kristen, 2009). Released prisoners often find it challenging to acquire a job, get an education or rent an apartment. Many private employers are often hesitant when it comes to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“RECIDIVISM/What are the possible social contributors for offnder to Research Paper”, n.d.)
RECIDIVISM/What are the possible social contributors for offnder to Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1471770-recidivism-what-are-the-possible-social
(RECIDIVISM/What Are the Possible Social Contributors for Offnder to Research Paper)
RECIDIVISM/What Are the Possible Social Contributors for Offnder to Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/education/1471770-recidivism-what-are-the-possible-social.
“RECIDIVISM/What Are the Possible Social Contributors for Offnder to Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1471770-recidivism-what-are-the-possible-social.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF RECIDIVISM/What are the possible social contributors for offnder to become repeatoffender What impact if any does recidivism ha

The Impact of Comic Books on Boys and Girls

Marvel comics made the first important steps in the particular sector – at the decade of 1960s, the firm presented through its books a series of innovative stories that have until today a significant influence to the public - the characters and the appearance of the stars of Marvel and the other firms that govern the specific sector since the decade of 1960 will be analyzed in the sections that follow. The current paper refers to a specific aspect of the particular sector (comic books): the perspectives of the firms operating in this industry on boys and girls; special reference is made to the change of these perspectives from the 1960s until today. Marvel is used – among other firms – as indicative example of th...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

The Economic Impact of the Emergence of China and India

... and materials that are part of Toyota’s operations—the supply side of the automobile industry. The effects of this inflation do not stop in the supply side of the automobile industry which could significantly impact a firm’s cost structure. With the rising fuel prices, demand for automobiles is threatened too, as fuel is a complementary product of automobiles. At least in order to address the threat in the demand, Toyota put on the initiative to create a hybrid car which has saved its operations from this. The other economic impact of the emergence of China and India is its low-cost labor strategy that makes outsourcing to these countries attractive to automobile manufacturers. This can give a company the cost advantage it needs...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

The Social and Cultural Contexts of Deviance

Generally, deviance is a behavior that is seen as harmful, disruptive, or criminal. However, it may come as the result of being statistically unique. This brings into question whether there can be positive deviance. For example, if a student got straight A+ grades, the Underachievers Club may view them like a deviant. As a group, they may place sanctions on them above and beyond what they would the average student. This illustrates the concept that deviance must be seen through the lens of the social or cultural context that it takes place in (Keel, 2008).
Social norms are the types of behavior that are established and maintained by society and are considered to be acceptable. Because deviance is the transgression of a norm a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

Death Penalty: Does it Serve as a Deterrent to Future Crime

Animal instincts are directed towards self-preservation and it is the law of nature that a stronger and healthier individual has more chances of living than his weaker counterpart. The survival of the fittest has now been established as a ground reality according to Darwinian philosophy. If we eliminate our civilized thought process, it emerges as a stark reality that we would not desist from attacking another living person or animal when we are overcome by the basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. In times of natural disasters like earthquakes, wars and floods, and manmade disasters like war, it is not uncommon to witness ravaged populations shedding the façade of civilization and resorting to violence in order to fu...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

...DECISION-MAKING IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE: ECONOMICS a) Why are market forces unsuitable for health service resource allocation? Refer in your answer to the problems of consumer sovereignty, agency, and health outcome measurement. Market forces, demand and supply, move in opposite directions with respect to price changes. When the price of a good is high the demand for it is less while the supply of it is greater. This is economic sense but nevertheless this positive economic statement about the predictable behavior of the consumer does not hold true when the demand patterns for Giffen and inferior goods are factored in. For instance when income, of the individual consumer, rises his demand for inferior goods such as potatoes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Management: Social Responsibility and Ethics

When we speak about business management, most people talk about the core business functions like strategies, products, training & development, management of various departments of the business like marketing, production, planning, etc. Social responsibilities and business ethics are the least communicated topics in the business community because of the least preference given to the non-productive sectors by organizations. Most of the greedy organizations spent millions on the research and development for improving their competitive power in the business world, but they often keep a blind eye towards their responsibility towards ensuring proper ethical standards in their business activities. Organizations that underestimate the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Immigration and Its Impact on the United Kingdom

For example, for farming communities, fertile and well-watered land has been a pull factor in migration. Business opportunities and political stability are also examples of pull factors.
Since the turn of the 20th century, Great Britain and Northern Ireland have experienced a great influx of foreigners migrating into the country due to pull or push factors. There have been different waves of migrations to the United Kingdom, which has had different impacts. Because of this, the United Kingdom has had to respond in several ways, which includes coming up with new acts on immigration, nationality, and providing asylum to refugees.1 However, the topic of migration to the United Kingdom has attracted different political views and...
23 Pages(5750 words)Assignment

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

What Is the Hybrid Warfare and What Challenges Does It Present

...The term HYBRID warfare is increasingly used to describe current and future conflict; what is it and what challenges does it present? The end of theCold War and the events of 9/11 have provided a catalyst for unprecedented challenges to the international order and national security policy. Arguably the most important challenge has been the appropriate and most efficacious method to combat a transient and intangible enemy, which transcends borders and the conventional notion of an organised army that “yet has shown a remarkable resilience against traditional military firepower”1. Moreover, Mahmood’s observations highlight the changing nature of conflict and the fact that the contemporary international framework has removed pre-existing...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic RECIDIVISM/What are the possible social contributors for offnder to become repeatoffender What impact if any does recidivism ha for FREE!

Contact Us