Abnormalities in psychological functioning and resulting behavior have become a common display in many genres of film and general media industry so that it is possible that there is exaggeration of facts and exceeded portrayals of such situations. …
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Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing : Validity, Reliability, and Accuracy
The term abnormal psychology is used interchangeably with complex or extreme psychology to achieve a more realist approach as every one of us is only normal to some extent. Abnormal behavior includes a wide range of behaviors and behavioral disorders such is depression, obsession, criminal tendencies, sexual deviation, and many more. Abnormal is discerned from normal following that many human behaviors lie along the normal curve, with a majority of individuals concentrated in the average part of the curve. The few who fall in the two extreme ends are the ones said to possess abnormal behavior. Abnormality is not necessarily synonymous with good or bad or moral or immorality. One may, for instance fall on the highest side of the intelligence curve, meaning the person is abnormally intelligent, therefore, a genius. This paper shall, using the outcome on the perception of abnormal behavior through the media draft hypothetical assessment of the outcome and use the drafts to test the validity and reliability of the hypothetical assessment. It shall, and then test the accuracy of the assessment through testing the possible sources of errors. We shall conclude that it is quite essential for any inquiry, including social those in the social sciences, to achieve a scientific status, it is essential that the validity, reliability, and accuracy of the study are proven and verified beyond dispute. 2.0. Statement of Problem. A number of scholars engage in inquiries but fail to test their validity, reliability, and accuracy beyond human doubt. This is one of the requirements of any scientific inquiry in order for it to pass for a possible theory. Inquiries in the social sciences are particularly difficult to assess because they deal with humans and human behavior is highly unpredictable and it is impossible to test these behaviors in a controlled environment as in the case of inquiries in the pure sciences departments. Despite this, there are ways that social inquiries can be tested and verified to get a majority perception or tendency. 3.0. Purpose for Research. This research, therefore, seeks to test the validity, reliability, and accuracy of a learning outcome. it will also explain how validity and reliability can improved in the assessment and how sources of error in such an assessment can be appropriately dealt with in an effort to promote accuracy. 3.1. Methodology. Information for this study will be extracted from secondary sources of books and peer reviewed journals. These contain strategies for improving validity and reliability and testing accuracy in a research. 4.0. Literature Review. The airing of abnormal behavior in the media has gained prominence today more than it did in the past that the perception of such behavior has also changed a great deal. This perception has, to a large extent, been corrupted through exaggeration and complicated portrayals by the media as a marketing strategy to attract and keep the audience. One such example is the movie PSYCHO where Norman Bates who is the main character portrays the worst for mental illness, most of which is not necessarily true. It is for this and many reasons that we shall carry out a hypothetical assessment of the outcome above to verify the truth within. 4.1. Hypothetical Assessment. a. A number of media practitioners do not know the full meaning of abnormal psychology and many associate abnormal behavior with negative behavior, thus distorting the audience’s perception of abnormal psych
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The consistency and stability of the results ensure that the facts are straight and comprehensible. The validity of the results means that the presentation must be based on the true nature of the fact findings. This implies that; how well a test used to measure what it is intended to measure should be accurate and reliable by the researcher.
There have been negating views which supplement the importance of both the researches. Quantitative research methods are used by the researchers when they wish to make statements of situations which might take place in a population. This research style is based on probabilistic measures which form the basis of the theory.
It uses research to discuss the utility of picture inventories in comparison to the verbal tests, and also the scope for using adaptations of GPIIs for different sections of society to suit their needs better.
The society we live in is clogged with racial, cultural, and linguistic differences that need to be keenly addressed while carrying out any psychological process (Fu, et al., 2004). Culture reminds people that they are not alone in the world and thus there are other tribes existing with practices that differ.
There are a number of ways to test reliability. One test of reliability is called test-retest reliability and is designed to test things that are stable across time, such as intelligence. Inter-rater reliability is assessed by having two or more independent observers or raters. The scores are then compared to determine the consistency between the raters.
The manner in which data is collected creates room for the researcher to introduce personal views into the process. The difference between qualitative research papers with high quality and those with poor quality is directly linked to the personal philosophy of the researcher.
Counselors have the responsibility of finding and designing the best test and/or assessment criteria that fits the client’s situation. Proper selection of tests and assessments depends on analysis of items that form the basis of a
Assessment, which is a form of psychological measurement, has been important in the field of education. Assessments in educational contexts have assisted in determination of intelligence among learners (Zhang et al., 2014).
According to the report learning standards are straight to the point, with written descriptions of what scholars are required to learn and be talented to do at a particular point of their training. Educational standards illustrate learning objectives; these include what scholars have learned by the end of class, both grade level and grade span.
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