StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
In the paper “Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading” the author discusses insights on historical and theoretical viewpoints in teaching reading. New generation of learners read texts not only from school print textbooks but from mass media…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.2% of users find it useful
Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading"

Download file to see previous pages The learner has to be taught visual identification, so that meaningful recognition can occur. Prodded to the habit of reading, the learner gains ease in perceiving meaning, relationships and messages of the printed word.  In the Traditional Theory, the reader is a passive receiver of information, and so the bottoms-up view approach to teaching reading is adopted and this consists in giving prime importance to building pre-cognitive skills which lead to the end processes of construction of meaning or comprehension (Dole et al. (1991).
 The second Cognitive Theory is the psycho-logistic model which recognizes the fact that the  heart of the reading process is the reader, not the text. Under this theory, the learner of reading is introduced to the sampling of  the text, making  guesses or a series of hypothesis about the meaning of the text, and proceeding  with the process of fusion, interpretation and comprehension.  The cognitive experts highlight the importance of observation, data judgment, recall, imagination, problem recognition, and analysis in teaching reading.  They also train learners to identify levels of comprehension namely: literal, interpretative, applied and evaluative (Nunan, 1991). .
 Thirdly, the Metacognitive Theory centers on training the reader to have control in executing his ability to interpret and comprehend the text.  In this theory,  meta-reading is  characterized by self-awareness, careful reading and greater retention....
Yes, there had been schooling in reading especially so among ancient civilizations, but these were most rudimentary and confined to the more precocious in knowledge and love of the written word. Only since the 1980s can there be claimed theoretical perspectives in teaching and their benefits still have to be widely and deeply felt by modern learners. Theoretical perspective There are three main theories in the turns and trends in scientific approaches to teaching reading. The first Traditional Theory has been practiced for ages. This theory is founded on the neuro-physiological process which gives importance to the textual material . The learner has to be taught visual identification, so that meaningful recognition can occur. Prodded to the habit of reading, the learner gains ease in perceiving meaning, relationships and messages of the printed word. In the Traditional Theory, the reader is a passive receiver of information, and so the bottoms-up view approach to teaching reading is adopted and this consists in giving prime importance to building pre-cognitive skills which lead to the end processes of construction of meaning or comprehension (Dole et al. (1991). The second Cognitive Theory is the psycho-logistic model which recognizes the fact that the heart of the reading process is the reader, not the text. Under this theory, the learner of reading is introduced to the sampling of the text, making guesses or a series of hypothesis about the meaning of the text, and proceeding with the process of fusion, interpretation and comprehension. The cognitive experts highlight the importance of observation, data judgment, recall, imagination, problem ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading Research Paper”, n.d.)
Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1439526-historical-and-theoretical-perspectives-on
(Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading Research Paper)
Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/education/1439526-historical-and-theoretical-perspectives-on.
“Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1439526-historical-and-theoretical-perspectives-on.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ry
rylee81 added comment 11 months ago
Student rated this paper as
This paper saved me today. I liked the style. It was very useful for my education course.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading

Concept Mapping of Social Communication and it's HIstorical Contexts

Communication being a complex social phenomenon relies on a number of related phenomena and processes, particularly history and traditions in communities or human groups, cultural determinants in a certain society, the political context in which a community or group exists, yet, gender and ethnical variables that also play significant role in the processes of information exchange.
There is no doubt that a researcher attempting not only to define the nets of informational exchange in a social group (whether it is a community of organizational environment) but also to provide a solid analysis of communication, needs to evaluate all of the above-outlined variables. Knowledge and past experience, for example, determine both the q...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Organizational Analysis from the Perspectives of Organizational Learning, Psychodynamics, and Complexity Theories

Transform the vision into people and you have an organization.
Organizations are groups of people coming together for a certain purpose – whether it is dictated by blood, law, social affiliation, common interests or whatever reason that brings people together. What makes this “mix” of people rich is the variety of personal psychodynamics each member brings in. By Psychodynamics, I mean individual personalities, family dynamics, social network and other personal issues.

Although a group develops its own culture, as Wilfred Bion, a renowned psychoanalyst has thoroughly worked on, it is not immune to the surfacing of its members’ individual psychodynamics every so often. This usually creates te...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

UK Primary Education: ICT to Support and Enhance Learning and Teaching of Primary Mathematics

According to Bell (2004), in the United Kingdom, the government has implemented the Primary National Strategy which provides a framework for implementing ICT technology in learning. It has been recorded that primary schools have an average of 37 computers in each which are used by teachers and students in learning. There is great access to computers in secondary schools than in primary schools. It is also noted that the development of the use of ICT in teaching and learning in secondary schools is relatively more stable than in primary schools in the United Kingdom. This is perhaps due to the trickle-down effect. The trend is catching up well in primary schools which have established computer laboratories to offer ICT learning to...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

The Importance Uses, Perspectives of Strategic Management

Strategic management refers to the art of planning your business at the highest possible level. It is the duty of the company’s leader (or leaders). Strategic management focuses on building a solid underlying structure to your business that will subsequently be fleshed out through the combined efforts of every individual you employ. 

Answering the first question requires serious thought about what your ultimate goals are for the business. What are you trying to make happen? What are you attempting to facilitate or enable? What is the best possible outcome your company can aspire to?

The strategy is of critical importance in today's business environment of rapid change and unforgiving competition. M...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Effective Methods of Teaching Anatomy

Herein, comparisons will be made to highlight the differences in using anatomical models for study versus self-directed (usually textbook) learning. As well, the use of tutors as an advantage in the medical classroom will be discussed.

Some students are hands-on learners. For them, three-dimensional (3D) anatomical models are effective. “Exploratory tools enable users to investigate structures in ways not possible in the real world” (Implementing, para. 3). These 3D models can represent just about any part of the human body. Models are available of small structures, like the head, or of the entire human skeleton. Models of the entire human body can also be purchased. Some of them even have removable parts so...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Evaluation of the Course: Teaching and Learning Strategies

I will begin my evaluation with the objectives of the course, discuss a theory that is relevant to learning styles to see how it fits with the course and then provide my conclusions about how this course meets the objectives of the course.

 I am assuming that the Teaching and Learning Strategies class was created for students at the college level who were going into some form of teaching or training.

To evaluate this course it is a good idea to start from the beginning and look at the objectives. As I was looking for references in this process, I found a website that had tips for designing instruction that I felt would offer me a structure to work within. According to "Instructional Design," the instruct...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Historical Analysis Long-Term Care

In accordance with a survey published by the U.S. General Services Administration in 2004 ‘the number of elderly people residing alone without living children or siblings is expected to reach 1.2 million in 2020 — up from about 600,000 just a decade ago’ (U.S. General Services Administration, 2004, online article). Apart from the elderly, people with disabilities – as well as those with severe problems of health - also require continuous assistance in all their activities. The care of people belonging in the above categories is likely to last for quite a long (in most cases for the rest of their lives); for this reason, appropriate changes in existing legislation are made periodically in order to meet the n...
7 Pages(1750 words)Report

The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom

When students learn science, they construct meanings and develop understandings in a social context, state Duit & Treagust (1998: 4). Classroom verbal discourse in the form of teacher talk and teacher-student interactions form the basis for most of this meaning-making. Because teacher questions are a frequent component of classroom talk, they play an important role in determining the nature of discourse during science instruction. The cognitive processes that students engage in, as they undertake the process of constructing scientific knowledge, to a large extent depend on the kinds of questions that teachers ask and their way of asking the questions.

Chin (2007: 816) conducted a study to investigate questioning-bas...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Teaching Language and Communication Skills

“Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). But just how does this happen? How do children learn to use sounds to communicate and then to place those sounds in the correct order to make themselves understood? While some of this behavior can be attributed to the imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the development of language and communication that cannot be so easily explained. To provide a more complete understanding of how language and communication develop in the young child, it is necessary to understand not only the primary terms that are applied, but al...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Reflecting on Personal Life Experiences Utilizing Sociological Perspectives

The experience would touch on my initiation to my very first educational experience and developing my primary group in school.

Secondly, I would reflect on my studies during elementary years in a small exclusive private school in Vietnam. The next phase I consider of great significance in my academic experience is the privilege given me during my 9th grade to 12th-grade studies in a relatively different culture, in Melbourne, Australia.

Finally, a milestone in this journey through life is the recent migration to the United States to complete my higher education with Chemistry as my major in Evergreen Valley College, San Jose, California.

The evolution of sociology could be traced to the development...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Teaching Reading for FREE!

Contact Us