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Comparisons between High and Montessori Curriculum Approach - Coursework Example

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"Comparisons between High and Montessori Curriculum Approach" paper seeks to explore how the High/Scope curriculum versus the Montessori curriculum is different or similar. The paper also suggests the best curriculum for children depending on their approach…
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Comparisons between High and Montessori Curriculum Approach
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Download file to see previous pages The adults are supposed to be passive as their main duty is the creation of a conducive learning environment by the planning of teaching and learning activities considering each child’s individual difference, encourage the child through the guidance and counseling process as a way of facilitating learning and develop effective strategies of engaging the child in a positive interaction involving the adult (teacher) and the child (learner). Adults are more facilitators than supervisors.

This curriculum aims at developing a child’s cognitive at their current level of development and improve on it. The environment is set in such a way that it represents a social setting with the child being left to select ideas, materials, and individuals to interact with. It is different from the traditional setting in that the setting of a nursery school in the sense that rather than focusing on a child’s advances in social and emotional aspects, it mainly concerns itself with their intellectual maturation. This program aims at developing the talents of the child through the active learning process and also for its success it relied on the adults.

The main concepts of this program include the active learning process which is participatory, where the child has concrete first-hand experience with the learning materials, events, and ideas. Through interacting with their environment the child constructs their own knowledge. The second concept is the environment of learning which is developed basing on the child’s needs and interest and the child is expected to develop responsibility in the use of the learning areas in this environment. Also, a daily routine is developed as a concept which specifies activities to be performed and their time allocation, these activities include resting time and a period of transition from one activity to the other.

The plan-do-review involves a child planning activities that they want to do, materials to use, and the people they want to work with, then they carry on with the activity and later discuss the outcome whether it was according to the plan. The other concept which is the interaction between the adult and the child which sees the adults as partners in facilitating proper learning, assessment mainly deals with determining the development of the child by observing them comprehensively throughout the learning process. The last concept is conflict resolution which includes 6 steps.

The Montessori Curriculum is an approach based on the work of Maria Montessori (1870-1952) who was a physician and an educator. It was developed of observing the children experimentally after giving them freedom in an environment that was already prepared designed materials to enable individual motivated development. The child’s interest and inner motivation should guide them into developing their own potentials while the roles of the teacher is that of observing, guiding and assisting the child to learn through an interactive process called a lesson by providing for a group or a child putting into consideration their individual needs and interest. The individual child is expected to develop in certain areas in an attempt to meet their needs and extra time for development will be offered if a child requires it to fully learn a concept before being allowed to explore the new topics by advancement to the adjacent level. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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