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Over the time, the researchers have analyzed that there is a prompt need for the adaptation of renewable energy. For instance, the usage of solar, biomass and geo-thermal energy is important throughout the world to generate sustainable energy and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions (Nnadi et al, 2011). Oil, coal, water and woods have been used since long to produce energy. However, as the technological advancement takes place, there are new methods of producing energy that are flourishing.
The world may face a major energy crisis in the future if the natural resources and energy production is not organized. The energy production is a highly technical field which needs skilled people and machinery. Once the energy is produced, it has to be used efficiently so that it is not exploited or wasted. Thus, it is our duty to focus on the important pathways of producing, using and conserving energy so that the future crisis is resolved. Before the energy is produced or used in any country, a detailed study should take place by their scientists to ensure the processes are carried out in the proper ways. There are certain countries in the world that are in a bad condition due to energy shortfalls which impacts their future progress immensely. It is important to adopt measures that are efficient and reliable to make sure the energy resources of a country are not exploited but used up efficiently.
The countries suffering a crisis can overcome it by using natural resources to fulfill the everyday energy demands. Nigeria is an example of the countries that are suffering an energy crisis (Nnadiet al, 2011); China is the country that has made active use of its renewable energy resources and India fights the energy crisis it faces and uses up their renewable energy to the fullest (Ravikrishna, 2011).
Nigeria is one of those countries that are rich in natural resources. Their natural resources are water,
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Renewable energy comes from resources that are natural such as wind, tides, sunlight, rain, geothermal heat, and tides. These resources replenish naturally. About 16% of the world’s energy consumption is catered for by renewable energy, traditional biomass taking care of 10%, and hydroelectricity contributing 3.4% to the consumption grid.
The energy that comes from sources which are continually replenished such as geothermal heat, sunlight, tides, wind, water and waves is widely known as renewable energy. We can also define renewable energy to be the energy that comes from the natural and persistent flow of energy found in the immediate environment.
However it is also used in the rural areas. Renewable energy gives an encouraging range of technologies which can be used today and even in the future. According to Sorensen (2010), the most important advantage of renewable energies is reduced rate of carbon emission to the atmosphere.
Setting up a wind turbine is relatively cheap compared to building a hydroelectric power plant and once it is operational it requires minimal maintenance and it is not labour intensive since the wind does all the work. It is economical because it cuts back on labour expenses.
Arguably, energy is an indispensable prerequisite for causing change or performing work. Renewable and none-renewable forms of energy are the two known forms of energy that have been in use for century. The none-renewable energy source is the natural energy source that is in limited supply.
This research essay will make an earnest attempt to elucidate the wind and hydropower generation of manoeuvres of both Australian and Bangladesh government, to minimise the global warming and of that USA, China, Brazil, Russia and Canadian governments in general by giving unique attention to various empirical studies and eminent authors’ views.
There has also been question over the possibility of depletion of current fossil fuel reserves, where only certain states are able to produce these fossil fuels on a commercial scale and supply them to the rest of the world making them their chief economy driver.
Renewable Energy VS Fossil Fuel. In recent times, there have been worries in the energy sector over the possibility of clean energy instead of using the type of conventional fuel that pollutes the environment and has been affecting it negatively, one of the notable negative impact of fossil fuels is increase in the global warming.
Energy is required for cooking, heating, manufacturing, and transportation. Energy sources are broadly categorized into renewable and non-renewable sources (Lens, 2005). Statistics have indicated that over 85 percent of the energy used is from non-renewable sources.