Download file to see previous pages
The most famous method is to use chemical treating agents like dispersants, surface washing agents, and bioremediation agents (“Chemical Treating Agents” par. 1). Dispersants are basically mixture of chemicals, made up mostly of surfactants and other additives. The surfactant molecules are amphiphilic in nature which can be both soluble in protic (i.e. water) and aprotic (i.e. oil) solvents. During oil spills in bodies of water, surfactants combined into aggregates called micelles which consist of hydrophilic head and hydrophobic tails. The heads are attached to the water molecules by hydrogen bonding and the tails to the oil molecules which lessens the interfacial tensions between oil-water molecules. Due to the mechanical action in the ocean, the oil molecules especially below the surface of the water break apart into smaller molecules which can stay suspended to be washed by current (Renee and Lee par. 5).
The use of surface washing agents or commonly known as degreaser are usually used for surfaces or structures that have been oiled and are usually sprayed on the surface. This chemical promotes emulsification of oil and the instability causes it to flocculate and coalesce in the surface for physical recovery.
The actions of the two mentioned chemical agents are usually followed either by natural means or induced biological actions. The natural means can include microbial degradation and photo-oxidation. The latter method proceeds under sunlight where the natural targets are the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) of the oils. The process (also known as photolysis), degrades the PAHs in the form that can be available for microbial degradation (The American Academy of Microbiology 4).
In addition, bioremediation is also an effective way to clean up oil spills. The use of bioremediation agents includes microbiological cultures, enzyme additives or nutrient additives which can significantly increase the rate
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The author states that development of the drilling ban by Obama administration was to speed up the off show oil spill after the BP left the US vulnerable. The long-term effect of this oil spill, which is considered as the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry.
The context of the say will not brief about the facts and features of the article. Rather the researcher would be analyzing the ways in which the circumstances in the real world indirectly indicate the different microeconomic theories. The researcher would refer to three microeconomic aspects that can be focused on the article and show its impact on the real world.
Although only a fifth of the total supertanker got spilled, its impact was devastating. In light of this and similar events, governments across the world have created legislations and regulations to mitigate risk. One such crucial legislation in the wake of the Exxon Valdez disaster was the U.S.
According to the report oil-cleaning techniques have major weaknesses, which will only be resolve when methods that are more effective are invented. Cost has been one of the main hindrances to the use of some of the methods. Some of the techniques such as the mechanical require a backup system and it will be discussed here.
The relief efforts continued for more than a year and many steps were taken to preserve the natural habitat. The oil company responsible for the oil spill was British Petroleum. The company suffered massive losses due to this disaster, and its profitability was badly affected.
However, oil mining has many negative impacts commonly brought about by oil spillage and the management of oil as a natural resource. Oil mining may lead to the addition of toxic in water when oil seeps into the water thereby developing marine traffic problems when oil spills are available in the sea water.
An observant glance around us shall prove why petroleum may be referred as ‘liquid gold’. Modern life may turn completely dysfunctional without the petroleum and crude oil products. Oil serves as the lifeblood of transport, and industries and even assumes a place of strategic importance, as its crisis can be almost fatal during warfare.
However, some other effects are not immediate given that there have a potential effect of polluting the entire surrounding of the marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Moreover, these impacts have remained hidden for a long period and the results have been a disruption of food chain among organisms in the areas where the incidence has occurred.
EDCs originate from a wide range of molecules such as EDCs represent a broad class of molecules such as organochlorinated pesticides, fuels, plasticizers, plastics industrial chemicals, and other products that are in widespread use. These chemicals contaminate and pollute
Oil spills in the water bodies along the gulf coast of Florida have become quiet frequent due to the oil rigs of BP that are located at the gulf coasts. Tourism industry has been badly affected due to these oil spills. And the
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Cleaning up oil spills"
with a personal 20% discount.