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Hanta Virus Outbreak - Term Paper Example

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"Hanta Virus Outbreak" paper states that the outbreak in Turkey indicates that there is much more to be done in terms of education for the prevention of the infection. Since there is no vaccine available for illnesses related to Hantaviruses, preventive strategies remain the only hope…
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Hanta Virus Outbreak
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Download file to see previous pages The first Hantavirus isolation took place in 1976 and was named the Hantaan virus (Erek and Buzgan, 2009). In May 1993 a major outbreak of Hantavirus infection occurred in the southwestern part of the United States. The affected region was the "The Four Corners" area shared by four states, Arizona, Colorado, Utah, and Mexico (CDC, 2006). The virus was identified by the Center for Disease Control or CDC after thorough investigation. The Hantavirus identified in the outbreak was the Sin Nombre virus (CDC, 2006). The deer mouse or Peromyscus maniculatus was the main host of the virus (CDC, 2006). Deer mouses live in rural and semi-rural areas, especially in the barns, outbuildings, homes, and woodpiles. A case-control study revealed that people involved in cleaning around the house, or plowing soil with hand or planting or working in the garden were the ones who contracted the disease more than those who did not perform any of these tasks (CDC, 2006). Since the 1993 outbreak researchers have developed a lot of interest in Hantaviruses which has led to enormous research about the pathogenesis, transmission, prevention, and management of Hanta virus-related illnesses. In this year, Turkey observed an outbreak of Hantavirus related hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (Erek and Buzgan, 2009). Investigations narrowed down the virus type to the Puumala subtype (Erek and Buzgan, 2009). Countries around Turkey have already reported the presence of a virus. Hence it is not surprising that the outbreak occurred in this country this year (Erek and Buzgan, 2009).

The first sign of the Hantavirus outbreak was seen in May 1993 when a young, previously healthy Navajo man, hailing from the Southwestern part of the United States was admitted to the hospital with shortness of breath, but died very soon unexpectedly. The cause of respiratory distress was not known. However, while reviewing the history of the patient, medical personnel came to know that the Navajo man's fiancée suffered from similar respiratory symptoms and died a few days prior to admission to this young man. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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