Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

Hanta Virus Outbreak - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
"Hanta Virus Outbreak" paper states that the outbreak in Turkey indicates that there is much more to be done in terms of education for the prevention of the infection. Since there is no vaccine available for illnesses related to Hantaviruses, preventive strategies remain the only hope…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
Hanta Virus Outbreak
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Hanta Virus Outbreak"

Download file to see previous pages The first Hantavirus isolation took place in 1976 and was named the Hantaan virus (Erek and Buzgan, 2009). In May 1993 a major outbreak of Hantavirus infection occurred in the southwestern part of the United States. The affected region was the "The Four Corners" area shared by four states, Arizona, Colorado, Utah, and Mexico (CDC, 2006). The virus was identified by the Center for Disease Control or CDC after thorough investigation. The Hantavirus identified in the outbreak was the Sin Nombre virus (CDC, 2006). The deer mouse or Peromyscus maniculatus was the main host of the virus (CDC, 2006). Deer mouses live in rural and semi-rural areas, especially in the barns, outbuildings, homes, and woodpiles. A case-control study revealed that people involved in cleaning around the house, or plowing soil with hand or planting or working in the garden were the ones who contracted the disease more than those who did not perform any of these tasks (CDC, 2006). Since the 1993 outbreak researchers have developed a lot of interest in Hantaviruses which has led to enormous research about the pathogenesis, transmission, prevention, and management of Hanta virus-related illnesses. In this year, Turkey observed an outbreak of Hantavirus related hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (Erek and Buzgan, 2009). Investigations narrowed down the virus type to the Puumala subtype (Erek and Buzgan, 2009). Countries around Turkey have already reported the presence of a virus. Hence it is not surprising that the outbreak occurred in this country this year (Erek and Buzgan, 2009).

The first sign of the Hantavirus outbreak was seen in May 1993 when a young, previously healthy Navajo man, hailing from the Southwestern part of the United States was admitted to the hospital with shortness of breath, but died very soon unexpectedly. The cause of respiratory distress was not known. However, while reviewing the history of the patient, medical personnel came to know that the Navajo man's fiancée suffered from similar respiratory symptoms and died a few days prior to admission to this young man. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Hanta Virus Outbreak Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words, n.d.)
Hanta Virus Outbreak Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words.
(Hanta Virus Outbreak Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
Hanta Virus Outbreak Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words.
“Hanta Virus Outbreak Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Ebola virus

.... It is a viral type of infection and causes a disease called Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF). There are four, possibly five, identified strains of the virus and each one affects a sufferer differently (Williams, 1999). The virus originated in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan, and is named after the Ebola River Valley in the Congo (Williams, 1999). In 1976, the first recognized outbreak occured at a missionary hospital run by Flemish nuns. There were two strains of the virus that were documented at that time: Ebola-Sudan and Ebola-Zaire (EBOZ). These two strains had extremely high infection rates along with high mortality rates (53 percent and 88 percent respectively). At that time, the numbers of infected people only ranged...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Outbreak Investigation

...? Outbreak Investigation Report Outbreak Investigation Report Botulism in Argentina Foodborne botulism is a serious disease that is caused by eating food intoxicated by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum. In absence of treatment, supportive care and timely of administration of antitoxin that minimizes mortality rates in the United States to not more than 10%, the disease can lead to death up to 60% . Previous outbreak of botulism condition in Argentina was chiefly caused by taking improperly cooked food such as vegetables .In case of an outbreak of botulism disease, it has been associated unacceptably preserved meat, fruits, and vegetables that include fermented fish and their products, sausages seafood, and fried meat. Physician...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Syphilis Outbreak in Ohio

The Ohio Department of Health consists of many health amenities that can all diagnose and arrest syphilis. The department is responsible for dealing with the disease in the state of Ohio and supports the home health departments by drafting recommendations on how to suppress the disease, arrange workshops and seminars for educating the locals, and administer public health standards in the state.

In the state, the disease rates have been on the rise from the year 2005 to 2009. In 2005, the disease rate was at about 4.3 while in 2009, it was at 6.9 (Ohio Department of Health, 2011). In 2005, Franklin County had the uppermost rate of the infectivity while in Pickaway county the rate was at 22.3 (Ohio Department of Health, 2...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment


...Measles Outbreaks The Measles outbreak of is perhaps one of the largest, after recent record highs in Then the cases went down, 54 in 2012 and 189 in 2013. Reports show that measles cases are on the rise in other countries, too, especially in Turkey, Philippines, Vietnam and Germany. So far, there are about 160 confirmed cases in the United States in 2014. This figure is expected to continue rising due to unconfirmed cases. Recent measles exposures include 59 cases in Ohio, 38 in Knox County, 6 in Holmes, 1 in Wayne and 1 in Richland. This is a record high, beating the recorded 58 cases in 2013, in New York City (Turncock, 2012). The US has sufficient health structures in place and measles vaccine are usually given to people, so... Outbreaks ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Norwalk virus

...Norwalk virus Norwalk virus The members of the ship presented with symptoms of vomiting, stomach cramping, nausea andwatery diarrhea which are all part of the symptomatic complex of Norwalk virus. As a cruise ship, the food is vulnerable to contamination due to the long hours that are spent at sea. At sea the majority of products that are utilized are vegetables which are the most susceptible to contamination from norovirus. In addition, the patients present with symptoms of gastroenteritis which are also signs of infection by the norovirus. The period which the symptoms persisted is also common in Norwalk virus infections as they can last between 1 to 4 days. The fact that the individuals in the ship who ate the same food also possessed...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

SARS Outbreak in Toronto

...SARS Outbreak in Toronto affiliation Who must be blame for letting the virus get out of control and why? Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) plagued the whole world in January 23, 2003. Everyone was aware of this condition but not more than Ontario Premier Ernie Eves understood it. Moreover, after four months he released a press statement urging people to go back to work and continue with their lives normally. He believed that the epidemic that had affected 24 Ontarians and 318 Canadians was over. However, few minutes before releasing the press statement he had received news from Toronto’s North York General Hospital on four new cases and he kept asking himself if the cases may possibly be a new wave of SARS. But he was not sure how...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Measles outbreak

...Measles Outbreak Insert Insert s Introduction Recently, U.S has faced an increase in the rate of measles infection inthe community. The prevalence of measles has risen from the average figures of 220 cases per annum in 644 cases in 2014. The rise in measles is because of various local and national health problems. It highlights a growing problem in California and country. This article would examine measles, its main source, and the issues that cause it and develop a campaign to address its issue. What began as an outbreak of measles among seven people, who in December visited Disneyland, has drastically spread to over 26 women. The unvaccinated women from California transmitted the virus in theme parks and Airports (Gastañaduy, et al...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Measles Outbreak in America

... Measles Outbreak in America The incredible steps mankind has taken in terms of disease eradication and treatment is something that often leaves countless people in awe. It is, therefore, unfortunate to hear of the recent cases of measles in the United States, where a high number of cases were recorded in 2014. Measles, a disease which many thought had been completely eradicated, is now making its way to the top of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) charts. Different cases in different states are being identified with a high number of these cases indicating that there was no vaccination among those affected. It is not clear why individuals would choose not to be vaccinated against such diseases, but it is clear that all...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Ebola Virus

..., fewer deaths were reported. It took the attention of the United States military to study the possibilities of weaponizing the virus that made the disease widespread. However, the idea was dropped, and the current outbreaks are said to have originated from fruit bats. The virus was initially thought to be airborne; however, studies conducted by the University of Sussex revealed that it is transmitted through body fluids. Also, the virus finds its way into the human body through cuts on the skin and mucous membranes. The Ebola virus has also been found to be transmitted through sexual intercourse, physical contact by the infected persons and ingestion of breast milk. The disease incapacitates the immune system of the host victim. Persons...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Virus Detection Software

... Virus Detection Software Introduction In definition, viruses refer to specific programs that people deliberately make, to get in the way of system documentation and functionality, therefore, doing away with important information stored in the system for different uses. Virus detection softwares play critical role in enhancing the safety of computer systems and by so doing safeguarding information contained. This is a creative paper, which precisely presents appropriate discussions on the issues pertaining to virus detection software from a wide perspective. In terms of discussions, the paper starts by giving a discussion on architecture of modern computer networks. It then addresses network security, reliability, finally network...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Hanta Virus Outbreak for FREE!

Contact Us