StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name: Name of Instruction: MRSA (Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus) Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most dominant and significant members of the bacteria family that are the source of local and invasive infections…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus"

Download file to see previous pages Methicillin resistant S. aureus is an antibiotic resistant form of S. aureus that has emerged as a significant strain of this bacterium. The first outbreak was reported in 1980 in the region of Detroit and since then MRSA has established itself as a clinically dominant community pathogen. In 2004, a study of adult patients who presented with purulent staphylococcal infections in the emergency, MRSA constituted a 78% of S. aureus infections (Crossley et al 272, 275). The community associated MRSA has been defined on the basis of the criteria provided by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. According to the criteria, infections are classified as MRSA if (a) MRSA is isolated within 48 hours from a hospitalized patient, (b) the patient presents with a history of hospital admission, dialysis, surgery or long term care facility residence, (c) patient has an indwelling device during the time of culture isolation, (d) previous history of MRSA infection (Crossley et al 272). It is important to differentiate the microbiological characteristics of the MRSA strains from the S. aureus, the disease spectrum and manifestations so that a correct diagnosis and treatment plan can be devised. Fig 1 :Prevalence of MRSA shown in relation to the age of the patients performed by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2004 (Crossley et al 281). The microbiological characteristics of the staphylococcus aureus are significant in understanding the clinical course of the disease. Staphylococci are included in the Gram positive bacteria which are signified by their catalase-positive and facultative anaerobic properties. Staphylococci measure 0.2-1.5 micro-meters in diameter and produce golden yellow colonies on agar or broth cultures within 12-24 hours at 37 C. The colonies are formed in grape like cluster formation or in the form of pairs, chains or even single bacterium (Weston 128). MRSA is a type of S. aureus that is resistant to a group of antibiotics called beta-lactams. This group includes Methicillin and others such as oxacillin, amoxicillin and penicillin (Centers for disease control and prevention n.p.). Fig 2: Representation of the MRSA colonies on the cultures agar observed through microscopic examination (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention n.p.). The epidemiology of MRSA is mostly significant in health-care facilities. MRSA is typically introduced through patients who are transferred from other health care settings. Doctors are also considered as important sources of inter-hospital spread of MRSA infections. Spouses of patients can also act as reservoirs of infections at several times. Colonization occurs rapidly once MRSA is introduced into a hospital. Open wound diseases such as skin diseases including chronic dermatitis, ulcers, burns, surgical wounds and decubitus ulcers predispose the patients to the MRSA colonization. Aged and debilitated patients, patients on poor anti-microbial therapy, intensive-care patients, patients of chronic hemodialysis or long-term hospitalized patients are at higher risks for MRSA infection development (Gantz et al 264,265). Apart from patients in health care facilities, visitors of infected patients are also at high risk. Disease is transmitted through casual contact such as hugging, touching or kissing. Close skin to skin contact or contact of open wounds with contaminated items and surfaces also predisposes to MRSA infections. Crowded living conditions and locations ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1456515-mrsa-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
(Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1456515-mrsa-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus.
“Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1456515-mrsa-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

The curse of the super bug, have journalists created a scare story or is there a special difficulty in preventing infections by Staphylococcus Aureus and Clostr

...While journalists may be accurate as sources of information on concrete events, they do not serve as sources of education in areas of safety and quality in health services1 particularly on preventing infections by Staphylococcus Aureus and Clostridium Difficile. Therefore, if ever the journalists have created scare stories about these superbugs, it does not deflect from the true nature of these bugs. This implies that making decisions about them should not rest on education given by journalists but on microbiologists or persons trained in the sciences of these bugs. Methcillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) and Clostridium Difficile have both been dubbed as superbugs one after the other, but differ in their media exposure. Issues...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Food poisoning and skin abscess: Staphylococcus aureus

... infections]. Arch Pediatr, 15, 1253-6. BERENTSEN, S., BEISKE, K. & TJONNFJORD, G. E. (2007) Primary chronic cold agglutinin disease: an update on pathogenesis, clinical features and therapy. Hematology, 12, 361-70. CIMOLAI, N. (2008) Comparison of commercial and in-house immunoblot assays for the rapid diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. J Infect Chemother, 14, 75-6. FILIPPOU, D., TSELEPIS, D., FILIPPOU, G. & PAPADOPOULOS, V. (2007) Advances in liver echinococcosis: diagnosis and treatment. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, 5, 152-9. GORDON, R. J. & LOWY, F. D. (2008) Pathogenesis of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. Clin Infect Dis, 46 Suppl 5, S350-9. KANNAN, T.R.& BASEMAN, J.B.(2006) ADP-ribosylating...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Proposal to develop biosensor system for rapid diagnosis of infection with drug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in accident and ER in hospital

...Proposal to develop biosensor system for rapid diagnosis of infection with drug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in accident and ER in hospital Aim: Proposal for developing a biosensor system for the rapid diagnosis of infection with drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in hospital Accident and Emergency Departments. Introduction: Realizing the serious outcomes of Tuberculosis, Mr. Camilleri, said “TB is one of the greatest threats to global health and the terrifying ease with which it is transmitted means that national boundaries and global demographics are irrelevant in preventing its spread” (News release). It is therefore imperative to identify and commence the treatment at the earliest as it is the most valuable...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Fire-Resistant Properties of Building Materials

...A Comparison of the Fire-Resistant Properties of Building Materials: Timber, Steel and Concrete It is essential to consider the fire-resistant properties of materials used in the construction of buildings and homes. The material used must not be subject to disintegration at high temperatures associated with combustion. To ensure the stability of a structure, the material must not expand at high temperatures and should also contract minimally when cold water is used in fire-fighting applications. The. material should be fire retardant and not subject to combustion. This report summarizes the properties of concrete, steel and timber used in the construction of buildings and homes with regard to the effects of fire on their physical...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

A Research On Earthquake Resistant Building Construction

...A Research on Earthquake Resistant Building Construction Number ENGL 203 The 10th of January, might remain one of the saddest days to Haitian’s and, to a larger extent, any person in this globe who values life. On this day, an earthquake of 7.0 magnitude hit Haiti, killing over 230,000 persons almost instantaneously. Other approximately 300,000 and 1.5 million people were injured and rendered homeless respectively. (BBC News, 2010). Notably, however, this statistics compares unfavorably with San Francisco when an earthquake of similar magnitude hit it in 1989. In the latter, only 62 people lost their lives and about 3757 got injured. The big question that remains begging for answers, therefore, is as to why Haiti had so many casualties...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Antibiotic Resistant Bactria

...RESISTANCE TO ANTIBIOTICS Antibiotic resistance, according to Chadwick, , is a form of resistance to drugs by microorganism causing diseases such as bacteria and plasmodium. In this case, these microorganisms are able to survive even after they are exposed to one or more types of antibiotics. Majority of microbial are resistance to a particular type of antibiotics. However, there exist some bacteria that are resistance to numerous antibiotics. Collins (2002) describes them as MDR (multidrug resistant) or superbugs. Multiple researchers have categorized drug resistance as either induced genetic mutation or spontaneous. Through natural selection mechanism, the organisms that survive the killer antibiotic give rise to a new generation...
1 Pages(250 words)Lab Report

Physical tamper-resistant devices

...PHYSICAL TAMPER-RESISTANT DEVICES due: Introduction Creating a safe and sound computer system is not just a case of prediction and design of possible security breaches and issues, it is very vital to wisely design software and make sure to protect the inner implementation, by utilizing several engineering software procedures as the encapsulation that reduces the code exposure to objects and classes. This being done, is not enough, software developers must monitor both the software after deployment and also monitor behavioral usage. The monitoring process can be applied for various purposes. It can aid in review performance, but the most significant monitoring applications help in protecting as well as adding fixes for security gaps...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Appealing to a Resistant Audience: The Unpopular Argument

... English 7th May, Appealing to a Resistant Audience: The Unpopular Argument My argument in this paper is that prisonsystem should be abolished because punishing law-breakers through imprisonment is wrong because it does neither end crime in the society, nor is it the best way to help criminals to reform. My audience in this paper are law enforcement officers and prison officers who are in a conference, deliberating on a new policy on how to better punish prisoners. My audience, therefore, is resistant to my argument that prisons should be abolished. In my argument, I address my audience directly. Ladies and gentlemen, I am really glad that you have given me an opportunity to address you and to share with you my views on how we can better...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Staphylococcus Aureus

Being one of the most controversial of the diseases that S. aureus can cause, this paper will tackle about staphylococcal pneumonia, with a special focus on MRSA or the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, as it has been gathering attention from health care authorities all over the world. It contributes to one of the leading causes of death in countries from all level of economic status as projected by the World Health Organization (“Top 10”).
The S. aureus-caused pneumonia was first recognized as a pulmonary-infection-causing organism during the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919. Laboratory studies of those who had been infected and died during the pandemic were identified to have strains of S. aureus in the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation

...Refractory or Resistant Hypertension and the Role of Renal Denervation Introduction One of the challenges for physicians all over the world is hypertension. Hypertension appears to be a common but yet a complicated problem. 20- 30 percent of the adult population of the world is affected by hypertension (Staessen et al, 2003). The causes of this condition are diverse and varied. Infact, in most patients, the cause is not found and this is called essential hypertension. Hypertension occurs at any age and to any gender and is fraught with many short term and long term complications which can be devastating and is hence a challenging issue for primary care physicians, cardiologists, neurologists and nephrologists. Several approaches...
25 Pages(6250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Mathicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus for FREE!

Contact Us