Date Do Animals Feel? Animals were termed as the “boatmen’s” in 19th century specifically the donkeys, mules and the horses because they are used as canal boats. The said animals are best of choice during the British Army a hundred years ago because of the animal power, sizes, required food, and sensitive, intelligent and of course responsive…
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The scientific research in evolutionary biology, cognitive ethology and neuroscience states that diverse animals have rich and deep emotional lives. Emotions served as the instrument to bond and attach animals with one another. Emotions, empathy and distinguishing right from wrong are the essential keys for survival on this complex environment and social interactions about lifestyle of different species (Goodal & Bekoff, 18). Humans experienced different forms of pain as well as animals. Pain is a subjective sensation that every individual verbalized and feel. According to Sneddon in 2011 people and animals almost have the same mechanisms of pain detection and have similar areas of brain involved in how the pain is processed. In addition, humans and animals are similar in terms of pain behaviors, but obviously, assessing pain in animals is more difficult to distinguish compared from human pain. Similarly, Sneddon identified the two components of pain: the physical hurt or discomfort which is caused by inflicting injury, illness or disease and the emotional hurt or suffering. Sneddon concluded that animals, just like humans, are capable of feeling physical and emotional pain (n.p.). Humans can feel emotional pain without physical injuries or disease such as after a loss of loved one, break-up of a relationship, loss of important things in their life, etc. Contrary to Sneddon’s conclusion, some scientists stated that animals are not capable of feeling emotional pain because of the reason that animals do not have neocortex or the thinking area which are found only in mammals and primates. Research of Sneddon showed that there is evidence that monkeys, dogs, cats, and birds demonstrate signs of emotional pain and behaviors associated with depression during painful experience, lethargy, anorexia, and unresponsiveness to other animals (Sneddon, n.p.). According to Bekoff in 2007, there was a doctoral research of student that required killing cats. As the author started the studies, the cat looks like sad and wanted to say something. After the experienced, the author decided to study different animal behavior that focus on social communication in large range of species. In adjunct with what the other scientists stated, Mark Bekoff discovered that animals feel joy, empathy, grief, embarrassment, anger, and even love (Bekoff, n.p.). In December 2005, a female humpback whale caught in crab lines, the weight of the whale which is 50 tons and 50 ft. in size which makes it difficult for the female humpback to blow above the water. A team of divers saved the female humpback whale and James Moskito, one of the rescuers described the feeling that the female humpback like to thank the rescuers for doing such good act. The whale stopped and pushed around a little bit and had some fun, the female humpback showed feelings of gratitude to the rescuers Bekoff, n.p.) Empathy is a feeling that is believed also to be felt by animals. An example of which is the livelier mouse. Every time the livelier mouse went over to get a drink and a piece of food and found out that the weaker mouse tried to bite the food, the livelier mouse moved the food gradually towards the water until the weaker mouse reached the food (Bekoff, n.p.). Animals can also show feelings of anger the same way as humans can do: they share common
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There are varieties of foods available for consumers making it difficult for them to choose which one is best for them. Today many people are likely to eat anything edible without regard to whether it came from the lab, from animals or grown as plants. There is a big connection between the foods we eat and our emotional and physical well-being.
The debate of whether to use animals for purpose of sports and entertainment has been ongoing for quite some time now. One side of the argument defends the use of animals in sports by saying that there is nothing really wrong in such an act and that animals can be fairly treated and even receives stardom which can be in the interests of animals similar to humans.
Admittedly, animal research has helped contribute to the lives of many people around the world. However, we cannot turn a blind eye on the inhuman treatment which animals receive in the name of medical treatment (Langley 2010). Animals are meant to be our friends and our companions.
This paper’s aim is to argue on the negative effects of animal testing using current literature, as well as to react on these current literature and articles and provide insight as to why animal testing in cosmetics is negative and provide alternatives to animal testing in order to still provide a channel for cosmetic companies to test their products before sending them out to market and avoid any adverse effects to humans.
The mourning experience leads to both emotional and physical trauma since the bereaved parties intend to adapt to live upheaval brought by the loss of live. Psychologists recognize grieving as a long suffering process which results from the death of an individual in human society as well as in animal one (Anderson and Anderson 231).
The discovery of insulin and the development of polio and rabies vaccines are some medical breakthroughs that can be credited to the use of animals in medical research. Since scientists are still unclear about the way human body functions, animals like cats, mice, frogs, pigs and primates have been frequently used to determine its effect and efficiency in addressing specific medical conditions.
Mammals, fish, plants, and insects as well as microorganisms, which include yeast and bacteria, are examples of organisms that have been modified genetically (Starr, Evers, & Starr, 2013). For several decades, scientists have used experimental animals for biomedical research as well as scientific investigations.
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