Psoriasis in Adults Name: University: Abstract Psoriasis is a skin disease characterized by the appearance of red, dry and scaly patches on the skin that often affects mostly adults. Health researchers believe that this condition occurs because of speedy manufacture of skin cells triggered by Overactive T cells…
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Although researchers have not yet established the actual cause of the condition, most medical experts believe that there is a genetic connection to the disease. This condition has adverse effects on the patient both physical and psychological. Even though there is no direct link of the condition with psychological problems, it is evidence that knowledge of having the disease leads to stress, anxiety, anger and sometimes depression. In general, psoriasis reduces the quality of life of an adult due to the humiliation and embarrassment that he receives as well as the constant medication and irritation. The signs and symptoms of the disease vary according to the part of the body affected. Despite these effects, it is possible to contain and manage the adverse symptoms of this condition though a number of ways including oral and injectible medications, various therapies and home-based measures. This paper will examine the occurrence of psoriasis in adults. It will examine the major causes and risk factors of the condition, the adverse effects of the condition to adults as well as symptoms and diagnosis criteria. It will also address the various forms of treatments of the condition in adults and discuss some side effects of drugs used. The paper will conclude that although psoriasis is a condition that affects the well-being of an infected adult in a great way, it is possible to manage and better still control the condition. Introduction Psoriasis is a familiar noncontiguous skin disorder that causes speedy reproduction of skin cell, which results to red, dehydrated patches of coagulated skin. Medical experts assert that these dehydrated crumbles and skin scales result from speedy increase of skin cells. Generally, the areas majorly affected by this condition include the skin of knees, scalp and elbows. However, psoriasis occurs in stages, with severe and a more mild psoriasis. The individuals affected by the mild psoriasis often do not realize that they may be having a skin disease. On the other hand, the individuals who experience severe psoriasis have most part of their body covered with red dry patches on the skin (Alai, 2011). Usually, psoriasis is a lasting condition, even though most victims have phases of diminution when the psoriasis symptoms vanish for some time. This condition approximately occurs equally in both sexes, but is commonly prevalent in adults and young adults (Carson, 2011). Psoriasis can have a major negative effect on the emotional, psychosocial and physical health of affected people, especially the adult patients. Although the condition occurs through out the world, its prevalence fluctuates among diverse races and ethnic groups. This is because of exposure to different environmental conditions and lifestyles that accelerates the condition. Although psoriasis has a strong genetic causative factor, health professionals assert that various environmental conditions lead to the onset of the disease for instance various infections (Langley et al, 2011). It is also evident that there are some people, whose conditions of psoriasis accelerates due to some weather changes for instance during the cold seasons. On the other hand, there are people who cite enhancements on their health conditions during warmer seasons or after exposing themselves to sunlight for some time (Alai, 2011). Sholl (2008) states that in general, Psoriasis occurs if five major different forms or types. Most people have
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Psoriasis is one of the most common clinical dermatological conditions and recent evidence points to an aetiology encompassing systemic, immunological, autoimmune and genetic elements; but the exact mechanism for its initiation, development and maintenance is not known.
The severity of the disease can be varied from person to person and it may range from minor localized patches to damage of complete skin. The horrific trouble of this disease is that its psychological effects are more severe than its physical effects. As this disease can drastically impact the victim’s physical appearance, psoriasis patients are most likely to undergo intense psychological stress.
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Other general symptoms that can be used to identify this skin disease are having dry and cracked skin that may start bleeding when the cracks are deep. For those with this skin disease, it is common to experience sensations such as itching, burning and soreness in
Dermatology grew slowly, first with emergence of the proto dermatologists in late 18th century, and progressed following the arrival of the early dermatologists. Since those olden days, psoriasis assumed a distinct position, although
2. Overview Psoriasis affects between 1% and 3% of adults in various populations (Stein (2003) Both sexes are equally affected Women affected at an earlier age 3. Etiology of Psoriasis Highlights the causes and origination of psoriasis Genetics Pregnancy, medication, stress, and infections as potential activators 4.
Actually, both the exact cause and effective treatment of the disorder remain an important topic for debate even until today for medical practitioners and researchers (Kumar et al, 2010). The problem of the situation does not stem directly from the disease itself, but on the psychosocial perspective as well.
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