Crude Chronicles Institutional Affiliation: University: Crude Chronicles Introduction Suzanna Sawyer’s “Crude Chronicles: Indigenous Politics, Multinational Oil, and Neoliberalism in Ecuador” is an attempt to bring the latest objects of analysis into the domain of anthropological…
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Organization of Indigenous Peoples of Pastaza organized successful protests in 1992 to condemn publicly petroleum policies, built alliances with the grassroots to dispute changes in a 1994 agrarian reform law, and added themselves into discussions on constructions of national identities in the 1998 constituent assembly (Sawyer, 2004: 19). The book challenges the depictions of globalization which has paradoxical effects on our daily lives and social institutions which are politics, economy, education, health among others. It leads to protests than making people docile in the acquisition of homogeneity. Ecuador is the third largest supplier of oil to the western United States. This helps Ecuadorian Amazon to have environmental and social effects of a growing United States demand for petroleum. Rude Chronicles trace the organization that was against the United States in 1990 (Maaka and Andersen, 2006: 7). From a global context, Sawyer wants to express the machination of power and manipulation of the powers in the world by the super powers. There is an analysis of postcolonial ethnography and field work. In her research, Sawyer examines the maneuvering of (OPIP) which is a powerful ethnic federation of in Amazon Ecuador. It represents Achuar, Canelos Quichua and Shiwiar communities. The chapters of this book revolve around the political background, about oil, land and the relations between Ecuadorian nation and state in which Organization of Indigenous Peoples of Pastaza (OPIP) and other organizations have major roles to play (Sawyer, 2004: 17). The book still discusses the issues of the land and reforms that focus son improvement of the land for instance, the 1964 Agrarian Reform Law together with the 1994 Agrarian Development Law. These laws were destined to break the communal land ownership into privatization of lands or modernized perspective of agriculture in Ecuador. There is little traditional ethnography in the Crude Chronicles (Cepak, 2005). Themes and concepts explored in the book Theme of colonialism is explained in the book. Colonialism is presented to have effects that influence the running governments and determine the activities it parties in the state. Members of the state are portrayed as people who live in antagonism because they keep on fighting the effects of colonialism the constitutional reforms that never took place in Ecuador are been forced by protestors who march from the lowland territories to the national capital of Quito in demand of their land rights and the reforms to their oppressing constitution (Maaka and Andersen, 2006: 12). This is an indication that the system of governance set by colonialists still exist and there are no other way of reverting this system apart from protesting in demand for rights. There are so many resources, which include oil (Sawyer, 2004: 7). The oil is a commodity that enriches only the mighty after being sold to the western America. The governance system has no structure that affects the grass roots but only benefit the influential. This results to an agitated grass root which always is in protests for their rights. Colonialisms and post colonialism still have effects in the state because people do not have control in the manner politics is played in the country (Maaka and Anders
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