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Pachacutec reformed the city after he took over the throne in 1438 in which he built new streets as they appear today. The city resembles Puma and the Coricancha is located in the tail of the animal (News Central 2015). The city is the holiest in Incan according to myths related to the city. The temple was built around 1200 AD using the style of the Incas, which got many praises from Pedro Sarmiento Gamboa, an early Spanish historian. In his book, Sarmiento was overwhelmed by its evenness and beauty. The temple was between four main highways, connected to the four districts of the empire, and represented the importance of religion (News Central 2015). The temple was a symbol of unity and the cultural practices, which were diverse in the territory of the Incas. The temple provided housing for more than 4,000 priests and had captivating scenery especially the shadows cast by stones on the Andes Mountains.
The temple had four main chambers with the dedication to the stars, the moon, thunder, and rainbows (News Central 2015). There was gold that filled the Coricancha and one of the chambers had a giant sun disc that reflected sunlight which provided light to the whole temple. The emperor used to sit in a sacred space, which was illuminated by the sun during the summer solstice. Cusco played a very important role for the success of the empire although there were disputes over the next Inca. There was an epidemic of smallpox brought by the European explorers in the 1530s, which resulted to chaos in the empire (The Guardian 2015). Francisco Pizarro of Spanish captured the empire during the chaos and demolished most of the Coricancha, melted all the gold sculptures and sent them to Spain. Afterwards, they put up a Cathedral on the same site, which was later destroyed by the earthquake. However, the foundations of the temple were left intact and today it attracts many people as tourists. The
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