According to Karl Marx, the role of prison is to restore and most of the time ensure order in the society both traditionally and in the modern day world. A victim of crime once noted and identified is separated from the society in an attempt to ensure the safety of the members…
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Marx continues to argue that the role of prison is actually to marginalise and create division between the high class and low class individuals in the society. In most of his arguments, Marx claims that in as much as both of these groups of people are prone to engaging in criminal activities, when it comes to their punishment it is the low class people who face the harshness of the law as opposed to the high class ranked individuals. In fact, it is the high class individuals according to research that are involved with the highest rates of crimes and crimes of the highest order, but a good number of such perpetrators of crime from the high social classes escape unpunished. The victims of crime from the low social classes face harsh penalties despite the fact that the crimes they do are not as serious as most of the crimes committed by the victims of the high social classes. According to Marx therefore, it is like prison plays a major role in creating social classes and increasing the gap between the rich and the poor both nationally and internationally (Dhondt, 2012).
Another role of prison as far as Marx is concerned is to control the national economy of the nation, whether in the United States or in any other country globally. This is because prisons help impose a warning against crimes related to evasion of tax payments which can affect the governments economy adversely. However, the issue of biasness is still evident in his argument since he regrets that the kind of punishment imposed on the rich is not huge enough to deter them from the criminal acts, in fact, it only encourages them to involve themselves into more acts of crime (Lofstrom & Raphael, 2014).
Michel Foucault is another theorist who contributed so much in outlining the role of prisons in the United States and the world as a whole. Most of his arguments center on the role of prison as being to impose discipline and punishment for perpetrators of criminal activities. It is directly opposed to the
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