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His main point of focus was on the Catholic Church whose doctrines were opposed. This situation led to the emergence of reformist groups referred to as Protestants though their influence brought about economic disparities. Capitalism stratifies society into two groups; the rich and the poor. As it is today, capitalism is characterised by those that have a say in the means of production and those who work towards helping the rich achieve their goals. Power and authority give a few individuals the ability to oppress other. The economy is controlled by rich people who determine how resources are to be allocated and utilized. Capitalists also have very strong political influence.
Weber developed the thought of social stratification (Cox, 1950). According to him, society is subdivided into ranks or classes. These classes are based on political power and affiliation, level of income, amount of wealth and social status among other factors. As a result of differences in class, conflicts arise since each class had different interests (Cox, 1950). This ideology is very applicable to the modern society given that people in the high classes of society are always in conflict with those in lower levels. Competition between these two groups is influenced by the scarcity of resources. People with interests go against people with contradicting ideas. This is what has left society in constant war that continues to escalate.
Max Weber’s views on modernity also contribute to the current status of the contemporary world. According to Weber, society is in its existing state due to historical ideas. He bases his argument on the process of rationalization that he refers to a self-conscious manner in which society meets ends through individuals. Rationality influences modernity through various social practices (Seidman, 1983). Today’s modern society is controlled by goals and pursuit of fulfilment both in social and in personal life. Various practices
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For instance, the workers in the organization must follow the rules and regulations that are enforced by the leaders. Authority helps to create order and prevent situations of anarchy. In the context of decision making, there must also be clear order and hierarchy of decision making.
Sociology itself is the study of the general society and its behavior (Weber 1991). According to Max Weber, social action is that action or act which takes into consideration the action and the reactions of agents performing those actions. In order for the act to be regarded as social, the act must consider the behavior of other agents or individuals so that it can be oriented along its course.
Weber presents the idea that the ideas of different religious groups, particularly the Calvinists, contributed to the emergence of the capitalistic spirit (Kennedy, 2004). He postulated that there was a relationship between being a protestant and engaging in business, therefore reached the conclusion that religion was a potential cause for the development of the capitalistic society.
Max Weber, the author of numerous books about sociology of religion greatly focused on the role of religion in modern society since played a great function in historic and autonomous development of the modern economic ethic. Significantly, religion according to Weber constitutes modern process and features of power relations, social and political administration, socio-economic structures, social status and stratification, and others.
Calvinism, as Weber stated, believed in the doctrine of 'predestination', that is, in other words, in the notion that it was in fact God who decreed and decided on the eternal damnation of some persons, and the eternal salvation of some others, and these major decisions would not be based on their basic goodness or badness, but on the fact that since God had 'willed it' to happen, then it would happen inevitably.
Weber was interested in identifying the particular class configurations and their impact (which in Weber's estimation was usually negative) on democracy.
focused on the individual actor in his social capacity. Unlike most, Weber was interested in trying to figure out and analyze the social actor as an individual as opposed to the group actions of people.
The gradual erosion in the importance of French Marxism over English social science paved the way for more interesting and more relevant interpretations of Weber. There is now a greater appreciation of the range and depth of Weberian sociology.
These theories are also very much helpful in providing possible solutions to problems ranging from simple misunderstandings between two people of dissimilar goals and interests to the more complex international
Weber, on the other hand, lived several decades after Marx and at a time when there was an improvement in the economy which had made it possible for many people to rise from poverty and have a better life. When attempting
He used terms such as verstehen, which refers to the attempt to understand social action through empathetic understanding of the actor by the observer. He explained that these terms, in sociology, are calculability meant
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