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are based upon false assumptions of the nature of crime, implied and obvious recommendations of the role of society in relation to criminality and delinquency (Phillipson, 1971). Thus, traditional criminology is flawed in its processes by the sense that it propagates for the location of crime causes by studying the convicted criminal population. This assumption of examining personal biographies of criminals is flawed in that should such traits be found in non-criminals, then the assumption would not be sufficient and necessary for criminality (Phillipson, 1971). As a result, criminologists are striving to find the distinctive factors between the delinquent and non-delinquent groups, with the differentiating factors referred to as causal factors of
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The most common approach to fear of crime measurement uses some variation of the National Crime Survey's "walking in the neighborhood" questions, which offer a very general approach to crime fear. Few researchers have been concerned with the exact type of fear they are tapping and those few have generally attempted to make the distinction in an ex-post-facto fashion.
Drugs and crime are related in many ways. It is a crime in America to possess, distribute or manufacture drugs. The definition of drugs are any illegal substance classified as being potential addictive or abusive to people. Drugs such as
The harshest punishment is the death penalty. Not all states have the death penalty. The states that do have the death penalty carry out the practice at different speeds. California rarely executes death row inmates, while Texas executes death
Since a long time the Congress has identified that there is a requirement of a border security system which would gather data regarding the overseas citizens coming in and out of the United States and which would also recognize the persons who are overstaying their visits. In 1996 there was the implementation of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act.
In order to carry out these functions effectively, the Police are empowered to use reasonable force to enforce the law especially when they meet resistance. Since they are state organizations, the Police are usually empowered through training in the use of combat