Evaluation of Urban regeneration is a social and technical partnership pegged on a shared vision of politicians and designers and recognition by the community. Tallon (2013) further describes evaluation of urban regeneration as a complex process that should not be looked like a…
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All these forced the government to intervene to restore former glory of the town. Following the deteriorating state of the area, Brownill (1990) says the London’s Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) was created to address the aforementioned problems.
Problems in London Docklands began in 1950’s. This was largely because of the poor maintenance of the port. As a result, large ships which offered the locals jobs stopped accessing the port. The result of this was mass unemployment of the locals which led to economic problems to the residents. The back to back terraced housing fell into disrepair led to housing problems; poor transport system maintenance led to the dilapidation of transport infrastructure. In addition, the area lacked leisure facilities. Following the poor state of the area, the government decided to put it on the first Enterprise Zones in 1981: consequently, the land in the area was made free for ten years.
The government’s approach to evaluation of regeneration initiative in London docklands focuses reducing crime by creating employment for the youth. In this approach, a set of objectives is laid down effectively reflecting the particular circumstances and priorities for each area. In the current approach, the objectives form the indicators of performance and are used for monitoring and evaluation purposes.
According to Suet (1999), the objectives of evaluating the London docklands regeneration initiative were to; improve the social and physical environment and improve social amenities used for leisure activities. Moreover, it was initiated to increase public and low-cost housing throughout the area; enhance greater integration of new residential development together with the existing communities and create job opportunities for the locals. Furthermore, it was introduced to increase access to transport and other essential
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This annotated bibliography will discuss and describe a couple of articles and books written by different researchers who have investigated the monster theory in science fiction context. The paper includes Fred Botting's "Making Monstrous: Frankenstein Criticism Theory" and Jeffrey Cohen's "Monster Theory" along with other books on the topic.
Despite public bodies being in possession of large chunks of land, they nevertheless lacked the necessary capital and will to aid in its redevelopment (Church 1988).
As such, the private sector was only in possession of limited land, leading to a market insensitive land control.
Rural and suburban migrations have implied an implicit pressure on the land available for urbanization .As a result of which urban extents of main cities are expanding fast into suburbs and rural areas causing more dislocation and accompanied problems.
Urban Regeneration Partnerships
To effectively realize and sustain the goals of urban regeneration the British government initiated partnerships with public, private, community and voluntary sectors from the fields of infrastructure, education, health, social, finance etc.
Several contributing factors have been identified inclusive of rising geographical inequality. In the coming years it is suspected that external influence shall "life tough for struggling cities" (Wood, 2004), the contributing reasons include rising demand for highly qualified workers, lower skill levels of the regeneration towns, and the best educated evacuates London i.e. failure of retention schemes.
The UK Government Department of Communities and Local Government had in the recent past, identified several areas of deprived “neighbourhoods” distributed in its nine Regions (“English Indices. Summary . 11”). London Docklands comes under the Region listed as the
The author states that urban regeneration refers to an integrated and a comprehensive goal and actions that aim at addressing the problems that affect urban areas. Such visions and actions seek to ensure everlasting improvements in physical, economic, environmental, and social conditions in areas that are subject to such improvements.
London Dockland Development Corporation under the initiative of U.K. government focused on redevelopment of the Dockland areas in east London. The prime objective of LDCC was to develop the area by setting high standard in terms of planning and design. The main reason for its redevelopment is to gain and secure the confidence of the private, government and the public sector (Roche, 2000).
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