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cial issues such as poverty, human behavior, and other factors that result in crime and deviance in the society as well as trends in occurrence of crime is very important in the formulation and implementation of policy on criminology.
Qualitative research is mostly exploratory and as such it is important in gaining knowledge on underlying issues, motivating factors and opinions on particular problem while quantitative research quantifies the same problem statistically through generation of numerical data. Qualitative research provides an insight into a problem, helps in the development of ideology and hypothesis for further research. It uncovers trends in terms of opinions and thought & provides a deeper understanding the issue. Quantitative research on the other helps quantify the behaviors, opinions, attitudes and other variables surrounding the issue through the use of measurable sets of data to unearth facts and patterns in a generalized manner. The sample size in qualitative research is usually small and the methods for collection are either semi-structured or unstructured such as group discussions, interviews and observations. On the contrast quantitative research samples are large and data collection techniques are more structured. The methods include surveys, face-to-face & phone interviews, online polls, systematic observations, website interceptors and longitudinal studies.
Conceptualization is defined as a process of developing and clarifying concepts in order to reach accurate definitions of ideas. Meanings of concepts are often disputed by experts holding different opinions and thus illuminating their meanings benefit the entire society. Conceptualization helps translate theories into hypotheses that have defined variables and can be tested. It makes sense out of observations that are closely related and therefore it is a very important part of the research process. In criminology for instance is observed that social issues like economic status,
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Of course labelling would have its own consequences on the criminals. To check the veracity of cited statement in the nineteenth century, young offenders’ life cycle in the northern Sweden is analyzed / examined. For a complete awareness, register of prisoners were investigated to be linked it with the Swedish parish records of the offenders.
The author states that deviance is considered negative for the society, but the functionalist theorists have a different perspective of deviance. Functionalist theorist believe that deviance helps in strengthens the society and members of a society learn about what are non-deviant and deviant behaviors due to occurrence of deviance.
No matter how minute the case may be, the effects of these actions should not be overlooked. In relation to these cases, sociologists devised the field of criminology in an attempt to explain the actions behind certain activities in the society. It is also important to note that the society is full of deviant behaviours ranging from alcoholism to vandalism.
Whistleblowing and Deviance. Deviance is the type of behavior to which society may act negatively. Deviance can be understood as violation of a norm or country’s law, connoting such behavior that is unacceptable for the society. Deviance ranges from ‘not being nice’ to ‘being criminal’.
They also act as foundations of identity thus shaping opinions and perceptions of individuals. Social inequalities continue reproducing themselves thus making a group of people subordinate to others. These inferior groups get stigmatized and eventually come to accept their situation.
This can come about in different ways. For instance, they can manipulate the perception of the public and descriptions of what sets up crime and deviance, and deviants or non-deviants. Additionally, they can influence the crime level in a society by intensifying it, thus fastening it.
However, until recent years there has never been a medical label linked between the actual criminal behavior and a medical disorder, although the theorization existed that a psychological disorder was in all probability the defining cause for many people to act irrationally and commit deviant acts.
Richard Perez-Pena, author of The New York Times, writes about the prevalence of alcohol and drug abuse, as well as major crimes (i.e. burglary, sexual violence, murder, etc.), on campuses today. Likewise, Caitlin Dewey, author of