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Durkheim - Essay Example

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His theory of anomie was among his best contributions in understanding the functioning of the society. According to Durkheim, human desires are normally insatiable, and are only…
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Durkheim

Download file to see previous pages... Groups often disagree on the level of anomie that besets a particular society. An ‘occupational group’ is a cluster of persons regarded as an entity and bound by a common tie. Durkheim’s presents a valid assertion that ‘occupational groups’ is the best means for controlling anomie in the society.
Through ‘occupational groups’ it is possible to have a shared conscience guided by collective philosophies. School environments exemplify such groups. In schools, students cluster into social groups defined in classes. In these classes, students have particular teachings, and eventually, they tend to act in a particular pattern. In case of rebellion, they often rebel towards a common goal in a way that shows a common thinking or collective disagreement towards a particular norm. Through the socialization characteristics offered in learning institutions, learners acquire specific values that prejudice their thinking. In learning institutions, students learn the meaning of proper and acceptable behavior, and can differentiate it from undesirable behavior (Durkheim, 2012). Devoid of such an ‘occupational group’ there is a possibility of them maturing into adults devoid of moral conviction.
Religion is another ‘occupational group’ that determines normlessness in a society. Religions present people with a binding factor in times of sorrow or happiness. For instance, in case of a catastrophe, members of a particular religion tend to act in a common manner. In addition, religion has a way of regulating morality in the society. In consequence, believers show a certain level of morality because of the group that they constitute. Religious bodies are able to control the minds of its followers and prevent undesirable moral degradation seen in uprising and strikes. According to Durkheim’s theory on anomie and the need of occupational groups, religion presents a state of moral regulation, especially during a period of social change. Without ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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