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Groups often disagree on the level of anomie that besets a particular society. An ‘occupational group’ is a cluster of persons regarded as an entity and bound by a common tie. Durkheim’s presents a valid assertion that ‘occupational groups’ is the best means for controlling anomie in the society.
Through ‘occupational groups’ it is possible to have a shared conscience guided by collective philosophies. School environments exemplify such groups. In schools, students cluster into social groups defined in classes. In these classes, students have particular teachings, and eventually, they tend to act in a particular pattern. In case of rebellion, they often rebel towards a common goal in a way that shows a common thinking or collective disagreement towards a particular norm. Through the socialization characteristics offered in learning institutions, learners acquire specific values that prejudice their thinking. In learning institutions, students learn the meaning of proper and acceptable behavior, and can differentiate it from undesirable behavior (Durkheim, 2012). Devoid of such an ‘occupational group’ there is a possibility of them maturing into adults devoid of moral conviction.
Religion is another ‘occupational group’ that determines normlessness in a society. Religions present people with a binding factor in times of sorrow or happiness. For instance, in case of a catastrophe, members of a particular religion tend to act in a common manner. In addition, religion has a way of regulating morality in the society. In consequence, believers show a certain level of morality because of the group that they constitute. Religious bodies are able to control the minds of its followers and prevent undesirable moral degradation seen in uprising and strikes. According to Durkheim’s theory on anomie and the need of occupational groups, religion presents a state of moral regulation, especially during a period of social change. Without
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I believe I can now show that this session consisted of several chains of interaction rituals that led to group solidarity, or a "collective effervescence", that was interestingly based on group created symbols and symbolism. The experience was all the more profound for me as I was an 'outsider' or a person who I thought would be unlike the people who had already been tutors and who were insiders.
Emile Durkheim. One of the famous three who helped pioneer into the field of sociology, Emile Durkheim was one of those who helped develop the field with specific interest on the organizational behavior of psychology. Durkheim was the first French sociologist and was born on April 15, 1858.
This period limited the development of the entire society because most individuals had little knowledge of what happened beyond their boundaries with poorly developed communication methods. Production of materials had been at a reduced pace with inadequate skills and technological knowledge to boost overall services applied in agriculture.
The victim should be conversant that the act will result to death. In his study, Durkheim analysis count on the official data collected without consideration of his definition. Durkheim classified suicide in the approach that replicated the then existing theories of human behavior.
According to the report, Marx, Weber and Durkheim, more importantly, some of their conflicting ideas can be found similar in their original concept. Thus, Weber had several similar concepts to Marx, though they differed in many essential questions, and it is possible to compare Durkheim with both Marx and Weber.
Durkheim contributed many theories and ideas that formed the base of development of modern studies in sociology and anthropology. He developed theories and ideas in social facts, division of labor, education, crime, punishment, law, suicide, and religion.
Functionalism. One of the theories that Durkheim developed was Functionalism. This refers to the analysis of social and cultural phenomena in terms of the functions they perform in a socio-cultural system. In functionalism, society is conceived of as a system of interrelated parts in which no part can be understood in isolation from the whole.