The nation gained independence in the year 1961 from its colonial master the United Kingdom. The countries’ political environment had been marred with cases of corruption, electoral violence, and increased…
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The decay recorded in the systems of Sierra Leone in economic terms was progressive with different regimes taking a chunk of the existing economic means of production taking to account the country’s endowments in gold, iron ore, coffee, bauxite, cocoa, and diamonds. Albert Margai, Siaka Stevens, and Major General Momoh Joseph who was the last leader before civil war broke out in the country, ruled successive regimes filled with corruption and pervasion of all state institutions (Hirsch, 2001). Sierra Leone was faced with another hurdle owing to an influx from refugees who had fled from neighboring Liberia and thus offered substantial manpower for rebel forces. Foreign aid to the country had been reduced to humanitarian actions only owing to the state of rot, although leaders like Muammar Gaddafi and Russian Victor Bout were linked to financing Foday Sankoh who led the Revolutionary United Front (Keen, 2005).
Sierra Leone as a country has been characterized by increased levels of foreign aid dependency with a largely poor economic performance. The annual aid extended to the country was in the range of fourteen percent of its GDP from 1970 to 2007. The percentage is higher in comparison to an average of four percent aid dependence in the larger Africa. The demand and need for foreign aid in the country surged post the civil conflict recorded from 1991 to 2002 (Keen, 2005). However, on the overall, foreign aid has had positive effects on the economic growth of the country post the civil conflict, but still performing below expectations. The country received minimal aid during the years of civil conflict, but it caused no effect on the economic growth if the country and can be best described as non-existent or substantially weak and insignificant.
The continuation of foreign aid to the country can be linked to the country’s poverty rankings in
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As it is shown in the essay, there are number of studies that suggest how foreign aid could undermine the country-beneficiary and its people's ability to change their circumstance. Negative effects include the increase in power on the part of the government, the over dependence on foreign aid, and the adverse impact, referred to as Dutch Disease.
The Vietnam War is usually regarded as one of the most significant battles of the twentieth century. The conflict was significant gauging it by not only the numbers of casualties and geographical spread, but by the impact it had on the rest of the world and especially the United States.
Two of the most interesting cases of civil wars that were characterized by a high degree of foreign involvement were the Russian Civil War and the Spanish Civil War. Reasons The foreign intervention in the Russian Civil War, which occurred from 1917 to 1923, was waged mainly due to ideological reasons.
Indeed President Johnson failed to find a decent “way out” of Vietnam and this failure played an important role in the election of 1969 to elect President Nixon. But several issues such as America’s interests at home and abroad, in some way or other, were entangled with a decent conclusion of the war.
The U.S government takes a central purpose of undertaking relations with other counties around the world, thereby becoming a sovereign country, and acquiring authority over territories. Conducting of various relationships by America their allies has depended significantly on foreign policy.
This statement points to the fact that urbanization is poised to have as significant growth between now and then. Urbanization is the movement of the population from rural areas to urban centers or the increase in proportion of a population that resides in urban areas as compared to rural areas.
There are various types of Foreign Aid; bilateral aid and multilateral aid. As argued by Nelson (2010) bilateral aid refers to the aid that is given by a donor state to a needy state. Most third world countries are the recipient countries as they are
Rather than being coherent with wider political objectives, humanitarian aid should be kept separate and distinct from them. In practice, aid agencies are likely to be simultaneously providing a mixture of humanitarian,
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