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Durkheim defines social acts as the external activities that take part in an individual’s life as a result of external factors (Durkheim, Spaulding & Simpson 141). However, Durkheim continues to argue that these factors emanate from the activities that individuals decide to take part in. This is an interpretation of the fact that even though activities of individuals may seem alienated, they actually result from the thoughts of the individuals as shaped by the environment. As seen in the argument of Durkheim, Spaulding & Simpson, so as to understand the individual acts, the social influences must be understood and analyzed in totality (143).
Additionally, Durkheim, Spaulding & Simpson state clearly that individuals may have their own values and beliefs. However, the same individuals cannot ignore the fact that they exist in the society and that they shape relations that have human links in them (144). The social factors can then be argued to be ones that are learnt by individuals. This means that the genetic and psychological aspects of the individual may be real, but the social facet plays a huge role in an individual’s life. The ability of the individual to distance themselves from the real effects of the forces of the social values on their lives, as contrasted to leading their own personal ways of life would be the major inquiry that would be practical in a study of suicide.
The social factors, therefore, are sensible and play an enormous role in shaping the behavior of individuals (Durkheim, Spaulding & Simpson 145). The authors say that these factors might be shaped by the institutions in the society that range from the religious convictions to the public (Durkheim, Spaulding & Simpson 145). It for that explanation that it depends with whether the personality is able to do the conventional thing as these institutions require; thus, determine if they will endure or not. Individuals who are not able to obey the
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This research will attempt to shed some light on issues surrounding the death penalty to not only prove its ineffectiveness but also address its sociological impact on our society. The study will set out to find the background of this method of punishment and find ways to solve negative issues that arise from executions.
Suicide is one such personal act which anyone can perform. It not only affects the person who takes his own life, but also his immediate circle and the community at large. People from the community who are affected by this act include doctors, psychologists, the police, lawyers, teachers, politicians, thinkers and writers as well as the clergymen (Retterstol 1993).
SOCIOLOGY EGOISTIC SUICIDE. The sociologist Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) opposed the earlier belief that a person who committed suicide was mentally ill. Durkheim’s approach focused on the role and influence of society on human beharior. In his book on suicide (Durkheim, 1951) he developed four types of suicide: egoistic, fatalistic, altruistic and anomic.
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For instance, there was no policy on public health related to suicides until recently. Suicide is deemed a global health issue due to the complex nature of this health problem and the multiple factors related to its cause (WHO, 2006a). Although personality
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