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The results detailed in the report were found out after an analysis of 7000 scientific articles, which had explored on the various effects of smoking on individual and public health.
Specifically, the report illustrated that smokers had a higher mortality rate than non-smokers, which was rated at 70 % increase. Some of the groups that were involved in the study include the Medical Research Council of Great Britain, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Royal College of Physicians. These groups supported the hypothesis that held the existence of a causal relationship between smoking and lung cancer. Change of opinion occurred after it became apparent that smoking was a major contributor to illness and death.
The report also established that primarily cigarette smoking caused chronic bronchitis. Further, the report established the existence of some significant association between smoking and heart disease. Other conditions such as emphysema were also associated with smoking. In addition, the report found out the existence of a causative association between smoking and lung cancer. Another important finding of the report was the establishment of links between smoking among pregnant women and underweight newborns (Brandt 216. It might be argued that the consequences of the report influenced positively on the campaign against smoking since there had been no official policy on the same. On the opposite end of the argument, groups such as the TIRC and the Scientific Advisory Board held that that the evidence linking smoking to cancer was not conclusive. Therefore, the group insisted that such reports could not be used to link smoking to the occurrence of lung cancer. Such groups were under the influence of the tobacco companies to increase the level of uncertainty in order to make the people continue smoking while oblivious of the risks involved. These uncertainties became the grey areas that slowed down the sensitization of the health risks
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