Patients endured a number of hospitalizations while treating opportunistic infections prior their eventual succumb to illness. The disease was very exorbitant to health care systems and the whole society. For the past…
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Research results show that, a 20 year old diagnosed with HIV can expect to stick around for 50 years. Currently, there are promising treatment gains in the horizon since there are nearly 90 different types of medicines in development expected to treat HIV/AIDS (WHO 2-5). This paper will seek to summarize the disease and medicine for last 32 years.
The origin and discovery of HIV and AIDS puzzled many scientists when it first came into light in early 1980s. It bred numerous fierce debates and countless arguments regarding its cause. Documented evidence reveal that the first recognized case of AIDS took place in the United States in the wake of 1980s and entered medical publication records on June 5, 1981. A case study gay community conducted a year later showed the transfer of the disease could be via infectious homosexual contacts (WHO 20). In the same year, discovery showed that the disease originated from Haiti. Upon noticing that the disease was there to stay, organizations started forming in different parts of the globe with America taking the lead.
In 1983, further discoveries showed that the disease was easily transferable through heterosexual contacts as well as infected blood. For the first time, World Health Organization conducted a survey in USA that detected 2,803 cases of HIV in 1983. By the end of that year, the cases raised up to 3,064 will a recorded death toll of 1,292. More research took place in different countries coupled with campaigns, prompted USA center for food and drugs to carry out blood tests in order to determine HIV on a mass scale. With intense campaigns, research, and survey, the fight against the epidemic also intensified with more and more discoveries of antiretroviral vaccines (The White House 32-34). As years surpassed, AIDS became an epidemic known to the world by the end of 1980’s. Scientists and researchers made advanced diagnostic methods such as the oral AIDS testing and resting
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The magnitude of the illness has strained the economic state of one of the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Abdul, et al. 2010). Educating the people about HIV and providing them with antiretroviral therapy are the most pragmatic approaches of combating the epidemic.
High risk groups have also been identified in users of injection drugs and hemophiliacs. Vertical transmission from mother to child is a growing problem as more child-bearing women are affected with HIV from their male partners. Fifty percent of the children who had vertically-transmitted HIV developed AIDS (CDSC, 2003).
They are characterized by a combination of good and bad ideas, which makes them subjects of scrutiny. The origin of HIV has puzzled many scientists since the disease first came into public’s awareness in the early 1980s. For over two decades, it has been a subject of debate, and the cause of many arguments.
The paper discusses the issue at length stating the ways through which the United States has committed itself to ensuring that these women receive the amount of care that they deserve. There is also the review of articles both from the United States and a foreign land to understand the various aspects involved in the rather broad topic.
At this time, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in some otherwise healthy homosexual men of Los Angeles and 26 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), again in 26 homosexual individuals both in New York and Los Angeles (Klimas et al., 2008).
In addition, some pathogens have been developing resistance to drugs that were previously effective. On a positive note, the period from 1980 to today has seen the invention of vaccines and the understanding of the biochemical nature of threatening microorganisms. A
HIV/AIDS infection had spread to five continents till 1980 including North America, South America, Africa, Australia, and Europe. HIV/AIDS has spread all over the world. Its scourge is particularly devastating in South Africa and
The author states that the Human Immuno Deficiency virus can remain in dead body for years without showing any symptoms of being visible. The last of stage of disease to be infected is AIDS as it requires almost 10 years span of time to get infected and finally reaching the development of the AIDS disease.