The aim of the paper “Ethical Egoism and Altruism” is to examine the application of ethical egoism and altruism through an understanding of traditional Chinese ethics. Traditional Chinese ethical thought is concerned with the issue of how humans should live, and the elements of a worthwhile life…
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Most of the people involved in this incident acted in a manner that showed that they advanced their self-interests. The van driver who hit the girl stopped for a moment after he realized that he had hit a toddler. He then drove on crushing the toddler beneath his rear wheels. The driver’s actions can be considered as ethical egoism because he realized that he had caused an accident (Branigan, 2011). In order to avoid arrest, or the reactions of bystanders, he decided to escape from the scene. The actions of bystanders were motivated by ethical egoism because they did not mind the agony of the girl. The truck driver’s actions also represented ethical egoism because he was concerned about his destination rather than the safety of other road users. The apparent indifference of the bystanders and the two drivers exposed the girl to physical injuries. These people were reluctant to help because they were scared of security agents, or they feared to be accused of having caused the accident. The fullness of egoistic satisfaction is dependent on the maintenance of normal relations between benefits obtained and efforts expended (Driver, 2013). The case of the two-year old clearly shows this relationship when the passersby refused to offer assistance. They believed that their actions would only benefit the two-year old. According to ethical altruism, people are moral agents who have obligations to help others. The actions of these moral agents should be based on the impact of their action on other people.
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(Ethical Egoism and Altruism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Ethical Egoism and Altruism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1654351-ethical-egoism-and-altruism.
Some of the main examples include social contraction theory and ethical egoism. However, each theory requires an analysis so as to declare it redundant or otherwise. Social contract theory recognizes that human beings value their self interests (Shafer-Landau 189).
This argument states that even when people act in helping others, they do so because doing that makes them feel good or because they want to remove some form of pain (usually emotional pain) (Landau, 2012). Psychological egoism is different from ethical egoism which postulates that people should seek to maximize their own personal advantage (Pojman, 2011, p87).
When taken to extremes, either in society or analysis, it can become problematic. We can identify the obstacles it presents in life by the negative depiction of an 'egotistical person' or 'their ego got in the way'. Though as a philosophy it is untenable, it is useful in the development of society, economic systems, and our study of altruistic behavior.
Ethical egoism is the theory that it is right to act out of self-interest. It refers to the rightness or wrongness of our actions and concludes that if we act out of self-interest, we are doing the right thing, and if we act not out of self-interest like, for example, helping others without regard for our self-interest, we are not acting rightly. Psychological egoism is the theory that all of us perform actions always motivated by self-interest.
In most cases, a person who is an egoist is a slave of vanity and seeks to benefit at the expense of the other individuals in the society. In the study we’re going to weigh the pros and cons between psychological
There are two great examples of people who acted not out of self-interest but due to their love for others. The first example is Mother Teresa. Whereas Mother Teresa dedicated all her life in support and care for humanity,
This paper outlines these benefits gained and costs incurred by performing service to others, elucidates the theory of ethical egoism, and also offers an analysis on whether my service is a morally good action.
I did my service learning on
Every activity or action one engages in, may it service hours or resources usually has a motivation tied to them, and effects that may result from the action. In such cases, there are benefits and costs that
One basis the effects of doing a certain act to himself. The ethical egoist approach states that the best thing is that which suits somebody’s ego. For example, if somebody is hungry and consumes somebody else food, this is the best for them and hence they can do it.
Human beings are unique in nature hence every single action of help varies. Ethical egoism defines human behavior. The paper will thrive to define ethical egoism and discern whether altruistic actions results from
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