Close to 800,000 people perished in the first 100 days due to the ethical clashes between the Hutu and Tutsi. Just four months into the war claimed close to quarter of the Rwandese population. Such a simple war turned into…
Download file to see previous pages...
138). In a simple way, ethnicity refers to a group of people who share same ancestral background, language, lifestyles and culture. From the above definition, enmity among Hutu, Tutsi and Twa relates to the above definition.
Ethnicity led to a political divide in Rwanda (Scott, 2007). By 1959, the Tutsis were keen to liberate Rwanda from colonial oppression. This however led to massive killings for the sake of finding this freedom. This liberation made Tutsis dominant thus the forming of the one party state, which was powerful enough to penetrate the whole Rwandan society. To ensure dominance, they came up with ideologies that were against education and the press. To define ethnic boundaries, they came up with a system that involves the use of identity cards to show where individuals belonged.
Between 1958 and 1962, there was massive campaign against the Tutsis, which claimed close to 200,000 Hutus as revenge from the Tutsi. Due to the indirect rule, Rwandans came to define their identities due to the idea that a society that everyone must belong to an ethnic group. This led to political divide in that they believed power was a key item in ethnic identity. This evident when in 1990, there emerged real enmity between supporters of then the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana who was a Hutu and the Rwandan Patriotic Front led by Paul Kagame who was a Tutsi. Due to this rivalry, Juvenal’s plane was shot while in the air and none of the people on board survived. This led to a blame game with the Tutsis being blamed for the assassination. The blame game left women and children at risk since they were the easiest to attack and kill in the name of revenge.
Ethnicity played a key role in control of resources during and before genocide. Since independence, the Tutsis enjoyed the monopoly of being the only ones with the power to control the country’s natural
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
As compared to the United States, China had come up with different projects to help Africa in the mid 1970s. Since the end of the cold war, China has actively been involved in Africa politically and economically. The People’s Republic of China is considered the second trading partner with Africa.
The African continent is inhabited by emigrants belonging to different parts of the world who until the 20th century did not even consider themselves as Africans (Kaiser, Africa and Ethnomusicology). The word ‘Africa’ is derived from Arabic term Ifriqiye which was an expression for the coastal areas of North Africa.
The groupings relating to cultural bias can be apparently observed in various levels such as language, socio-economic status, religion and ethnicity among others. Specially mentioning, the notion i.e. cultural bias broadly engages a prejudice which advocates the preference of one particular culture over the other.
The issue of gender is stuck strongly in human actions, desires, beliefs, and institutions, which make it, appear to us completely natural. The world is full of ideas regarding gender, and the majority of people believe that those are a true reflection of gender.
His role in the investigation is intended by his superiors to be as a liason between the people on the reservation and the FBI who have been viewed with some hostile suspicion. Apted's respect for his subject matter was evident in the film and in his treatment as he was the first film director allowed to film on a Sioux Reservation based on the trust he developed with his sensitive documentary, Incident at Ogala, a study of the real events of the murders that occurred.
It is often seen that differences within ethnic groups inclusive of gender and class along with mobilisation of ethnicity for differing political purposes further challenges the notion of 'community representative and leaders', uncritically accepted in ethnic mobilisation discourse.
Ethnicity and religion dominates most political parties in Africa. Ethnicity is especially used as a political vehicle through which leaders get into power. Different tribes that speak similar languages come together to form a particular party, which will
These ethnic groups support different ideas and looks for solutions of different problems.
This terms as it seems easily is not comprehendible in some situations, the most confusing aspect to this concept is its
The last census that was carried out within the nation revealed that the nation has a population of about 53 million citizens out of which 80% are blacks. Whereas, the remaining 20% have different origins with some of them being whites of European origin
The first Europeans to settle in Africa were Portuguese in 1446. Other Europeans came in Africa first as missionaries, then as colonizers. The British and German idea was for imperialism while the French had no problems with assimilation.
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic What is the Role of Ethnicity in Africa for FREE!