The author of this essay "Social Policy" aims to investigate the task of balancing two seemingly conflicting goals of social justice and risk management by the government while performing certain social policy. The paper also includes particular ideologies…
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The welfare state, however, is in a state of crisis, such that the very forces, which initiated its rise after World War II are touted to bring the same challenges it is facing today (Pierson, 1998). Among these are the neo-liberalist ideas of capitalism and globalisation. As Deacon (1997) argues, globalisation sets welfare states against each other through competition, in a manner that can undermine social solidarity. Hence, encouraging welfare states to be more adept to minimise risks and maximise returns of policies. The New Labour’s ‘Third Way’ modernization project, in turn can be considered as a response to the factors that threaten solidarity by constructing a new ‘social democracy,’ which according to Fitzpatrick (2002) is but a simplification of the old concept of social democracy.
Thus, the introduction of a neo-liberal capitalism ideologies, as well as globalization, questions the commitment of social policies towards welfare and social justice, in the context of risk management. Two policy areas that illustrates such is with regard to community care, evidenced by the recently passed Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003; and child welfare in the context of the Mental Health Bill 2004. First, the Anti-Social Behaviour Act, has been described as more concerned with giving authorities more administrative and enforcement powers to punish offenders, without due reference to rehabilitating them, especially with regard to youth offenders (Liberty, 2003; National Children’s Bureau, 2003).
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(“Social Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(Social Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Social Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1500893-social-policy.
However, the problem of increasing social inequality worldwide is becoming prominent and the effects of transnational integration and global economic competition need to be monitored, assessed and analysed. In success parts of the developing and developed world, rapid capitalist evolution has diminished absolute poverty, but it also heightened vulnerability and insecurity from time to time.
In discussing this concept, the paper focuses on poverty and social exclusion with respect to Britain. The topic is analyzed in relation to implications for social work place with specific focus on modern social policy in Britain, frameworks, concepts, and languages of social policy and their effective applications, theoretical and ideological perspectives on social policy, and the contemporary debates on issues pertaining citizenship, oppression, inequality, and discrimination.
A commendable number of social policies address social inequalities among the society’s members. Such inequalities include those related to class, race and gender. Social policies, therefore, serve as collective response to discuss societal concerns. Social policy concerns emerge with changes and reforms in the society (Ken & Edwin, 2007, p.
In the United Kingdom (UK), there are several historical and contemporary landmarks in social policy. Social policy became prominent in the UK following World War II when quick expansion of major public services impelled interest in the emerging welfare state.
(About Social Policy) "The subject addresses pressing policy problems in areas like child welfare, education, health and employment, drawing on British and comparative experience. It takes an inter-disciplinary approach to issues such as reforming welfare, promoting diversity, reducing inequalities or improving service provision.
Social policy aims to improve human welfare and to meet human needs for education, health, housing and social security. In an academic environment, social policy refers to the study of the welfare state and the range of responses to social need." (Wikipedia, 2006).
These statements may not easily explain social policy. Social policy covers the study of social relations necessary for betterment of the human being in the society (Baldock, Mitton, Manning, & Vickerstaff, 2011). Social policy is about how different factors influence the
Implementation of these policies and guidelines assist members of the society to shape the distribution and access to goods and resources. As such, social policy plays a crucial role in people’s lives and can thus be considered part of everyday
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
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