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Environmental and Behavioral Development during Infancy - Research Paper Example

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The paper shows that the early psychosocial and behavioral development in infants is affected by a variety of factors including, parental care and love, environmental stimulation and space for growth.  The rate of SIDS is quite high in the USA and its exact causation is not yet known…
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Environmental and Behavioral Development during Infancy
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Download file to see previous pages Children who are deprived of motherly or primary attachment relationships during infancy tend to be more prone to depression, anti-socialism and behavioral problems (Prescott, 2001; Cited in young, 2005 & Falzon, 2007).
The environment in which the child is reared is of utmost importance in proper development. The environment must be stimulating and full of love and care for the child (Irving, 2003). Evidence shows that infants start categorizing data right from 18 months of age and these categories once formed remain the same lifelong. If a child is not cared for in this period he may create faulty categories of attachment in relationships and this might affect his or her whole like (Irving, 2003).
"Sudden death of an infant under one year of age which remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including the performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history" (Willinger, et al., 1991, cited in SIDS network, 2010).
According to Dr. Greene (2010), anything that produces smoke in the environment of a child can increase the risk of SIDS. The maximum chances of death due to SIDS are between ages 2-4 months. Genetics and neurological mal developments can also be a factor in SIDS. Prenatal smoking and excessive use of caffeine by pregnant mothers double the risk of SIDS in the infants (Dr. Greene, 2010).
According to the SIDS network (2010), most researchers believe that children who die due to SIDS are actually born with certain conditions that make them vulnerable to normal infant life stresses. McKenna and McDade (2005) argue that co-sleeping with the baby can reduce deaths in sleep and decrease SIDS to quite an extent.     ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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