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With reference to neuropharmacological, psychological and social factors, explain why heroin addiction in so difficult to overcome. What therapeutic approaches can be used to treat this form of drug dependence - Essay Example

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In the world of drugs heroin addicts are called “dragon chasers” because they try to recreate that first incredible high in their life that can never be re-experienced. This metaphorical slang name gives a very clear understanding of the nature of this drug: it gives a…
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With reference to neuropharmacological, psychological and social factors, explain why heroin addiction in so difficult to overcome. What therapeutic approaches can be used to treat this form of drug dependence
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Extract of sample "With reference to neuropharmacological, psychological and social factors, explain why heroin addiction in so difficult to overcome. What therapeutic approaches can be used to treat this form of drug dependence"

Download file to see previous pages However, there still exist the methods that give a person a chance to get rid of the chase after mythical creature in irreal world.
Heroin is a semi-synthetic opioid that is produced by combining acetyl with morphine which is extracted from opium poppy (Sawynok, 1986). It can be injected, smoked or snorted but first variant is the most popular. The most obvious reason of the seriousness of addiction to heroin is the speed with which it can be developed. Though it is unlikely that the person will become an absolute addict after the first time but the chances are very high: almost 23 % of those who try heroin at least once will become drug users (DrugFacts, 2010). Much will depend on the age, experience, and peculiarities of brain structure. Neuropharmacological mechanism defines the reason for such rapid addiction: there are special opioid receptors in the brain which become stimulated by morphine and release a big amount of endorphins. These chemicals are naturally produced in the brain under stress conditions and in pain with analgesic and anixiotic effects. A person then feels naturally high, euphoric, and less anxious (Heroin in the Brain, 2011). This neurotransmitter is also involved into brain “reward system” influencing the degree of satisfaction (Ciccarone, 2011). When the reward system of the brain is altered, a person needs to increase the dose gradually to achieve the same state. There is also a great influence of genetics on the likelihood of drug addiction so biological predetermination can play its role as well.
Heroin was always connected to marginal people from the lower class of society: homeless, prostitutes, criminals. Social factors that can contribute to heroin addiction are their availability, poverty, lack of control in the area. If some family members are dependent on the dug, there is a very big risk that other will also become dependent (Substance Abuse, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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