Cognitive Psychology Definition - Research Paper Example

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Coined by Ulric Neisser in 1967, “Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember and learn” (Cherry, 2014, para.1). Cognitive psychology deals with the way people get hold of, store, and retrieve…
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Download file to see previous pages It uses scientific research processes, like experiments, to study human mind and collect data, which makes it an objective kind of psychology. Since, cognitive psychology studies internal mental states of an individual, we can say that it does not ignore the motives of the unconscious mind, unlike behaviorism. This also makes it different from psychoanalysis, which is based merely on subjective perceptions. Cognitive psychologists keep track of how much information humans can store in memory simultaneously; how different sensory inputs are mixed together to generate high-end inferences; and, how knowledge is represented in human brains.
The introduction of neural network-based techniques in eliminating problems regarding child language acquisition (CLA) is a great milestone in cognitive psychology. In these networks, there is computational treatment of language which links with cognitive psychology. These are also called connectionist networks, and help understand CLA by accentuating learning from observations of the child or through direct teaching. These models also put emphasis on connections between supposed abstract relations, perceptual units and functional words, which trigger the fabrication of child-like utterances. So, we can say that neural networks help cognitive psychologists understand the nature of CLA by simulating different facets of child behavior through a set of idealized neurons. These networks have a substantial tendency for learning, and instigate manifold human learning activities. This learning is both supervised and unsupervised. Also, these networks have been designed in such a way that they simplify knowledge related to the illustration of linguistic, by way of nodes and links.
Computational modeling has helped cognitive psychologists understand CLA through “advances in developing machine learning techniques, and the availability of vast collections ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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