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The research focus on the unique effect that music lessons enhance to people especially boosting verbal memory, mathematics achievement, reading ability, and selective attention.
c) The author identified many past research findings that were consistent with the hypothesis that music lessons promote intellectual development. However, the author argued that in order to establish a causal association between music lessons and IQ that is specific to music, it was important to rule out potentially confounding factors. Describe any two of several issues raised by the author that highlights a problem relating to a potentially
The confounding factors raised by the article are that music lesson would boost musical aptitude and the nonmusical abilities linked with aptitude. The article points out confounding factors such as socioeconomic status, education, IQ have a strong effect on IQ. Additionally, the extracurricular activities such as drama and sport strongly effect on the IQ. The parsimonious explanation of the two factors is that they stem from the general intelligence. For instance, children who have high IQs are more likely to take music than other children because more affluent and better educated parents would encourage their children to take music lessons.
The experiment provided a test of the hypothesis that music lesson increase IQ. To test this, there was a random assignment of two different groups. One of the group received music lessons in a year and the other received instruction on the nonmusical artistic activities. The use of two groups helped the researchers to assess the possible effect of music on nonmusical and instruction aspects.
The three tests administered were the Wechsler Intelligence Scale used to test childhood intelligence, a standardized test that examined whether changes in IQ enhanced intellectual improvement, and social functioning test that evaluated whether music lessons increases intellectual development.
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(Music Lessons Enchance IQ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1)
“Music Lessons Enchance IQ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1622751-music-lessons-enchance-iq.
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