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Erik Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development - Essay Example

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Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development consists of eight stages that describe human and child development. The theory discusses and analyzes the individuals’ personality and behavior while they experience eight psychosocial crisis stages. …
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Erik Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development
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Download file to see previous pages First five stages are related to childhood and are described below:
1. Trust vs. Mistrust (birth to year one)
The first stage, Trust vs. Mistrust, is the most basic stage in one’s life. A child tends to learn to trust others if he is well cared for and not over-protected as kids “need to feel emotionally secure and valued” (NECChildcare, 2008), and learns to mistrust if he is insulted or not cared for by the caregivers. If he learns to trust, he will acquire a sense of security, otherwise he will learn to fear.
2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1-3 years)
This is about gaining confidence through body control. The child learns to gain control about his bodily functions and makes choices. He has his own preferences. For example, potty training makes him learn how to control his body and this makes him confident. Other examples include selection of clothes and toys. The child gets a feeling of independence and thinks that he is grown up enough to make choices and decisions.
3. Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 years)
Initiative vs. Guilt specifically deals with kids at play stage or in a preschool/nursery. Erikson (1994) defines initiative as “the capability to devise actions or projects, and a confidence and belief that it is okay to do so, even with a risk of failure or making mistakes” and guilt as “the feeling that it is wrong or inappropriate to instigate something of one's own design”. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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