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Motivation - Essay Example

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The paper explores the psychological notion of behavior. It studies how person's behavior is motivated by operant conditioning. The work describes primary and conditioned reinforcers. It depicts Seligman's Learned Helplessness experiment and gives an example of learned helplessness in an individual…
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Motivation
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Download file to see previous pages The study explores human behavior. It shows that behavior is significantly affected by the consequences, that means it is motivated by operant conditioning. Operant conditioning describes the associative learning process, when there exists a contingency on behavioral pattern, as a result of a reinforcer. The author describes two kinds of reinforcers, primary and conditioned reinforcers. Primary reinforcers are those stimuli that result in behavior towards the satisfaction of basic biological need like hunger or thirst. Conditioned stimuli capable of supporting instrumental behavior through the acquiring of the affective properties of the primary reinforcer with which it is associated are known as conditional reinforcers. Conditional reinforcers are capable of maintaining behavior over long periods of time either in the absence of or in conflict with primary reinforcers, and as such have a fundamental role in the complex social behavior. The work provides evidence how stimuli can cause negative behavior. It describes Seligman's Learned Helplessness experiment. Transferring this experience to human behavior, the author finds out that a depressed individual over the past experiences in life has learnt that there is no control over it, as all that has been experienced has been a futility of effort. This leads to depression, because the individual has learned to be helpless. The works also dwells on the connection between behavior and serotonin. It claims serotonin plays the key role in abnormal behavior of human beings. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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