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We can therefore refer to lean manufacturing as a business model as well as collection of tactical methods which emphasizes on waste elimination and at the same time delivering quality products that are cost effective on timely basis. In this study we are going to explore the elements and core disciplines of lean manufacturing and services in software development organization.
The previous emergence of Agile software development methods as well as the lean principles have brought about the thinking of lean for the interest of the software community (Kaikkonen et al, 2014). Based on lean thinking, five principles are revealed by Kaikkonen et al (2014) in the discussion of lean principles. These principles also happen to be the core elements of lean in software development, the elements are; flow, value, value stream, pull, and perfection. These elements are relevant in the creation of a lean enterprise with the concepts of value as the heart of lean thinking. With value stream, value adding and wasteful activities are necessary for bringing a product or even service into existence. This is achievable when focus is put on improvement efforts. When value adding activities are carried out smoothly, the element of flow comes in. This is to mean that at every given point of the value stream, maximum value from the perspective of the product is added. Another element in this case is the pull; it simply means that any upstream process would not result as product of goods and services until a signal to do so is issued from the downstream. These three principle elements and the other two generate massive gains in the software development organization.
Elements required by the organization to move towards the lean environment are waste and value as they happen to be the heart of lean thinking (Kaikkonen et al, 2014). Based on lean, value is viewed from the perspective of the customer as anything they appreciate. On the general business perspective it can be typically
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Lean operations have supported this transition. Lean operations, however, have been more widely applied, tested, and studied in the manufacturing industry, and only recently has practitioners and the academe have implemented and reviewed it for the service sector (Coronado, Lyons, Kehoe, & Coleman, 2004; Dean, Xue, & Tu, 2009).
The expression of these traditions varies greatly across cultures, ranging from ancestor worship and animism in some tropical forests to highly regimented liturgical ceremonies in vast European cathedrals. The study of these religions is complex, because everyone comes from a particular cultural background, and it is difficult to be entirely neutral about what people believe and how they behave.
It functions by redesigning and the continuously improving the business processes. On the other hand, Lean Sigma or Lean Management covers the process improvement of a business that focuses on the management approach of minimizing waste and maximizing value (Meredith and Shafer, 2010).
This results in causing a disturbance in the status quo and hence change is required to develop a new momentum state of equilibrium in the organization (Harris and Raviv, 2002).
Change objectives include reflecting coordination amongst the
As such, this paper seeks to establish how lean thinking principles can be applied to this particular organization.
According to CARDF University (ND), there are five principles of lean thinking. The starting point is
The critical understanding of the factors is taken into account in order to assess the overall impact the two techniques of manufacturing have created over production in the recent times. The final part of the paper
The prime purpose of the paper is to use and apply the principles of lean management on one of the fast food center such as McDonald’s.
The main purpose of the implementation of lean management is to drive the overall strategy of an
Despite having a similarity of the goods they offer to their consumers, they differ in terms of objectives, management, mission, vision, and goals. Nevertheless, the difference may not affect the consumer’s choice now but in
Implementation of this model is expanding rapidly in both manufacturing and service sectors such as electronics, aerospace, healthcare, automotive, and furniture production as a strategy to acquire competitive edge.
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