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1) Topic: Moral Realism and its Critics What is moral realism and what are its main features You should then explain how Ayer's emotivism and Mackie's skepticism (error theory) challenge realism. You should be sure to explain the key lines - Essay Example

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It is the idea that moral principles are valid whether anyone recognizes them or not. Features of moral realism include being truthful, use of facts, properties, certain beliefs and assertions. Examples of these moral facts are…
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1) Topic: Moral Realism and its Critics What is moral realism and what are its main features You should then explain how Ayers emotivism and Mackies skepticism (error theory) challenge realism. You should be sure to explain the key lines
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Extract of sample "1) Topic: Moral Realism and its Critics What is moral realism and what are its main features You should then explain how Ayer's emotivism and Mackie's skepticism (error theory) challenge realism. You should be sure to explain the key lines"

Download file to see previous pages This principle of verification does not totally agree with the moral realism. Ayer means that a sentence should have touchable evidence to be proved variable. I will begin by saying that I do not agree with Ayer. This is because as he states that, for example, "The empire state building is in New York". According to Ayer, this sentence is meaningful because the empire state is a visible building which can be seen, but a sentence like "peace is good" has no meaning because the peace cannot be seen or varied. Peace is something, which is untouchable hence cannot be verified. According to Ayer, something, which cannot be verified, cannot be meaningful in a sentence. A sentence like “God is good” has no meaning because there is no verification to prove that there is God and his goodness according to Ayer. The sentence does not have to be variable in order to be 1meaningful because there are despite a noun like peace being visible and easily verified its effects can be clearly seen hence they can prove it to be good. The fact that peace can be used to express our feelings is called emotive. If someone is experiencing peace according to Ayer, there is no the use of the principle of verification. If Ayer does not agree with non variable and tautological feelings or statements then is the principle of verification variable and tautological? The reason behind rejecting Ayers view is because there are some things like non visible nouns such as peace, charity and others which cannot be identified or verified physically, but they only their effect is seen hence I totally disagree with Ayers view following the principle of verification.
Moral facts exist. According to Mackie moral facts, do not exist. Mackie argues that moral facts only exist in our language and thoughts. This means that if someone is feeling happy that only exists in his/her thought that someone thinks he is happy. According to Mackie, there is no existence of these moral facts. It is only that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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